Download PDF by Donald A. Beattie: Taking Science to the Moon: Lunar Experiments and the Apollo

By Donald A. Beattie

ISBN-10: 0801865999

ISBN-13: 9780801865992

ISBN-10: 0801872677

ISBN-13: 9780801872679

How did technology get aboard the Apollo rockets, and what did scientists do with the gap dispensed to them? Taking technological know-how to the Moon describes, from the viewpoint of NASA headquarters, the struggles that came about to incorporate technology payloads and lunar exploration as a part of the Apollo application. writer Donald A. Beattie—who served at NASA from 1963 to 1973 in numerous administration positions and eventually as software supervisor, Apollo Lunar floor Experiments—here provides a close, insider's view of the occasions best as much as the popularity of technological know-how actions on all of the Apollo missions. Beattie tells this tale in the context of what we knew in regards to the moon within the Sixties, the continuing courses that seemed forward to the 1st profitable touchdown, and the objections that needed to be triumph over inside of NASA's entrenched engineering tradition. Beattie concentrates on actions without delay regarding technology, together with behind-the-scenes controversies. He additionally discusses the $64000 contributions of a few of the lesser-known members and contractors, who performed a miles greater function than prior books at the application have stated. Taking technological know-how to the Moon presents the early heritage of on-site lunar experiments, elevating very important questions on a shift in NASA coverage which resulted in probably the most dramatic planetary-science advancements of our time.

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Additional info for Taking Science to the Moon: Lunar Experiments and the Apollo Program (New Series in NASA History)

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The impact school was led by Gene Shoemaker and his United States Geological Survey (USGS) followers. Gene had been influenced by an earlier and revered USGS chief geologist, Grove K. 9 Gene had carefully studied Meteor Crater in Arizona, just east of his new Flagsta√ o≈ces, as well as several other craters of known impact origin in other parts of the world. Robert Bryson, from NASA headquarters, had funded Gene to develop a detailed report of his findings that would combine his earlier studies and field 19 Taking Science to the Moon observations at Meteor Crater.

The Moon’s physical dimensions and mass, its distance from Earth, and several other properties were known rather precisely. Unlike Earth’s, the Moon’s magnetic field, if any, was thought to be weak; its mass and volume translated to a body less dense than Earth, probably without an iron core or at best with a very small core. It had no discernible atmosphere. We knew that the Moon was locked into a slowly expanding orbit that allowed only one side to face Earth. The Moon’s farside or back side (not ‘‘dark side’’ as so many ill-informed writers call it, since it is lit by the Sun in the same manner as the side facing Earth) was a total mystery; was it the same as what we could see or very di√erent?

20 These discoveries suggested that Greenacre was observing the e√ects of ongoing lunar eruptions. The information gained later during Project Apollo and from follow-on studies makes it seem likely that some type of gaseous emission or other surface changes did take place during this time. Some of the color changes reported may have been imagined or caused by terrestrial atmospheric distortion that fooled the observers, but some were almost certainly real events. Astronauts’ observations pertaining to lunar transient phenomena are discussed further in chapter 13.

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Taking Science to the Moon: Lunar Experiments and the Apollo Program (New Series in NASA History) by Donald A. Beattie

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