By Anthony G. Pazzanita
Publish yr note: initially released in 1996
Mauritania is bordered by way of Senegal within the south, Mali within the east, Algeria within the a long way northeast, and the disputed territory of Western Sahara to the north. Comprised ordinarily of mammoth stretches of desolate tract, this younger nation has escaped the ravages of the violent interstate and civil conflicts that experience so bedeviled Africa. Mauritanian society possesses historical antecedents and a common non secular religion that has been practiced over a number of centuries.
These features have given the rustic a occasionally fragile yet quite resilient experience of nationwide identification, which has survived into the twenty first century within the face of robust political, neighborhood, ethnic/racial, and tribal rivalries considering that its independence in 1960. An economic climate principally established at the export of uncooked fabrics, a susceptible agricultural area, and a harsh weather in so much parts additional upload to the demanding situations confronting all Mauritanians.
The third edition of the Historical Dictionary of Mauritania via its chronology, introductory essay, maps, bibliography, and enormous quantities of cross-referenced dictionary entries on very important individuals, locations, occasions, associations, and important political, fiscal, social, and cultural aspects_provides an incredible reference on Mauritania.
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Additional info for Historical Dictionary of Mauritania (3rd Edition)
1 February: At least three gunmen open fire in Nouakchott outside the Israeli embassy, which was situated next to xlviii • CHRONOLOGY a nightclub; three persons are injured. 18 February: Seven suspects in the embassy attack are released without charges being filed. 2 March: Arrest warrants are issued for three suspects in the Israeli embassy attack, only one of whom is a Mauritanian national. 6 May: Zeine Ould Zeidane is dismissed as Mauritanian Prime Minister; he is replaced by Yahya Ould Ahmed el-Waghef, the head of the pro-presidential PNDD political party.
May: Ould Daddah holds the Congress of Aleg. 28 June: Horma Ould Babana is expelled from the Entente Mauritanienne. 28 September: Mauritanians vote to join the French Community. 28 November: The Islamic Republic of Mauritania is formally established. 1959 22 March: The first Mauritanian constitution is approved. 17 May: Elections to the Asseemblée Nationale are won by Mokhtar Ould Daddah’s Parti de Regroupement Mauritanien (PRM). 1960 19 October: Formal transfer of governmental authority from France to Mauritania.
13 November: Mauritania and the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) sign an agreement providing for the “assisted voluntary repatriation” of nearly 24,000 Mauritanian citizens living in Senegal over a 17-month period; under the accord, transport, food rations, and basic shelter will be provided to each returnee at an overall estimated cost of $7 million. 13 November: mass protests over food price increases break out in Aleg, Bogué and other Mauritanian towns; prices for foodstuffs continue to rise throughout the rest of 2007 and into 2008, propelled by escalating world food demand and poor harvests in Mauritania itself.
Historical Dictionary of Mauritania (3rd Edition) by Anthony G. Pazzanita