By Muriel Norde
Grammaticalization is a well-attested technique of linguistic switch within which a lexical merchandise turns into a functionality be aware, that may be extra lowered to a clitic or affix. Proponents of the universality of grammaticalization have frequently argued that it truly is unidirectional and feature hence came across it a useful gizmo in linguistic reconstruction. during this e-book Professor Norde exhibits that vary is reversible on all degrees: semantic, morphological, syntactic, and phonological. thus, the alleged unidirectionality of grammaticalization isn't really a competent reconstructional device, whether degrammaticalization is a unprecedented phenomenon.Degrammaticalization, she argues, is basically various from grammaticalization: it always includes a unmarried switch, examples being shifts from affix to clitic, or from functionality be aware to lexical merchandise. And the place grammaticalization might be obvious as a procedure, degrammaticalization is frequently the spinoff of alternative alterations. however, she exhibits that it may be defined, like grammaticalization, in a principled approach, to be able to identify even if a metamorphosis in a notice has been from extra to much less grammatical or vice versa, and the levels during which it has develop into so. utilizing facts from varied languages she constructs a typology of degrammaticalization alterations. She explains why degrammaticalization is so infrequent and why a few linguists have such strongly damaging emotions in regards to the danger of its lifestyles. She provides to the knowledge of grammaticalization and makes an important contribution to tools of linguistic reconstruction and the examine of language switch. She writes essentially, aiming to be understood by means of complicated undergraduate scholars in addition to beautiful to students and graduate researchers in historic linguistics.
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Additional info for Degrammaticalization
Comes. (pronoun) b. Ich I weiß, know daß that er he kommt. comes. (complementizer) a. Mina¨ luulen I think etta¨. Sina¨ tulet. thus. You come. (adverb) 22 These terms are not to be confused with primary and secondary grammaticalization discussed in the previous section. 23 See Cristofaro (1998) for additional examples of the grammaticalization of subordinators. Introduction 24 b. Mina¨ I luulen, etta¨ think that sina¨ you tulet come. (complementizer) The aim of this section is to show that the development of complementizers may not be the prototypical example of grammaticalization as it has often been held to be, but Wrst I will outline how clause combining is usually treated in current theorizing.
Thus. You come. (adverb) 22 These terms are not to be confused with primary and secondary grammaticalization discussed in the previous section. 23 See Cristofaro (1998) for additional examples of the grammaticalization of subordinators. Introduction 24 b. Mina¨ I luulen, etta¨ think that sina¨ you tulet come. (complementizer) The aim of this section is to show that the development of complementizers may not be the prototypical example of grammaticalization as it has often been held to be, but Wrst I will outline how clause combining is usually treated in current theorizing.
E. Richard Janda] should, for the record, state: Grammaticalization phenomena exist, and occur frequently, but all valid 32 Compare Swedish medan ‘while’ (both temporal and contrastive), a¨n ‘than’ (comparative), and som (similaritive). 33 See for instance Detges (2004) and Tsangalides (2004). ’ When I use formulations such as ‘changing morphemes’, or ‘changing constructions’, by no means do I imply that language is conceived of as having a ‘ ‘‘transindividual, trans-generational’’, (near-)immortal ‘‘life of its own’’ ’ (Janda 2001: 290), entirely beyond the control of language users (see Newmeyer 1998: 239 for remarks similar to Janda’s).
Degrammaticalization by Muriel Norde