By Bruce Riedel
Pakistan and the U.S. were locked in a dangerous include for many years. Successive American presidents from either events have pursued slim non permanent pursuits within the South Asian country, and lots of of the ensuing guidelines proved counterproductive within the long-term, contributing to political instability and a radicalized public. This historical past has helped set the level for the worldwide jihad confronting a lot of the realm today.
In Deadly Embrace, Bruce Riedel explores the forces in the back of those advancements, explaining how and why the heritage of Pakistan-U.S. family has spread out because it has. He explains what the U.S. can do now to fix the wear and the way it will possibly keep away from making related errors in facing extremist forces in Pakistan and beyond.
Riedel is one in every of America's most excellent specialists on U.S. protection, South Asia, and terrorism, and he helped to craft President Obama's 2009 speech concerning the Pakistan-Afghanistan borderlands because the ''most harmful sector of the world.'' He follows up The look for al Qaeda, his influential 2008 research of the phobia network's ideology and management, with a sober, authoritative, and infrequently alarming examine the historical past, value, and present function of Pakistan, epicenter of the worldwide jihad move, starting with the background of U.S.-Pakistan kinfolk because the partitioning of the subcontinent in 1947.
The dating among Pakistan and the USA is an engaging but muddled tale, meandering via classes of friendship and enmity, symbiosis and mistrust: it is no ask yourself that folks in either countries are careworn. Deadly Embrace explains how the us, on numerous events, really helped the foes of democracy in Pakistan and aided within the improvement of the very enemies it's now battling within the quarter. The booklet seeks to solve this paradox, revealing and examining the tortuous direction of family members among very varied international locations, which stay, in lots of methods, caught with each one other.
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Additional info for Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the Future of the Global Jihad
7 Zia next became an armored division commander in Pakistan. To gain favor with the leadership, he fawned on Bhutto, promising him loyalty. Since Zia was a refugee from India with no tribal connections in the Punjab, he was thought to be more or less isolated from army politics. But when Bhutto massively rigged the elections in 1977 and the opposition took to the streets in protest, Zia turned on his mentor. 8 Unlike the earlier generation of Pakistani military dictators, Zia was an Islamist. He aligned himself with the country’s Islamic Jamaat-i-Islam Party, depicted himself as a pious Muslim, and took steps to Islamize the army.
Others point to the ISI, always a target for conspiracy theories. 52 The mystery may actually have been solved by al Qaeda. On December 30, 2009, a Jordanian al Qaeda operative, Abu Dujannah al Khorasani, blew himself up at the CIA’s forward operating base in Khost, Afghanistan, killing seven CIA officers and a member of the Jordanian GID. Khorasani had earlier taped an interview for al Qaeda to broadcast in which he described in detail how he had successfully fooled the GID into believing he was their agent and would help them find Ayman Zawahiri and Osama bin Laden.
5 Once in office, Benazir learned from the ISI that the mujahedin expected to sweep to total military victory quickly after the last Soviet soldier left Afghanistan in 1989; the CIA gave President George H. W. 6 It would not turn out that way. The communist government in Kabul actually outlived the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and did not fall from power until 1992. This turn of events was due in part to a strategic miscalculation by the new ISI director, Hamid Gul. Now that the Soviet forces were gone, Gul decided the mujahedin should move from guerrilla tactics to conventional warfare.
Deadly Embrace: Pakistan, America, and the Future of the Global Jihad by Bruce Riedel