By Farzad Sharifian
This publication provides a multidisciplinary theoretical version of cultural conceptualisations and language. Viewing language as firmly grounded in cultural cognition, the version attracts on analytical instruments and theoretical developments in different disciplines, together with cognitive linguistics, cognitive anthropology, anthropological linguistics, dispensed cognition, complexity technological know-how, and cognitive psychology. the result's a framework that has major implications for these disciplines in addition to for utilized linguistics. functions of the version to intercultural communique, cross-cultural pragmatics, English as a global Language/World Englishes, and political discourse research are explored intimately.
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Additional info for Cultural Conceptualisations and Language: Theoretical framework and applications
Nan watched. When Aunty, Sister, Cousin, Little Brother and I played on the raft in the river, it floated. Nan watched. When Big Brother, Aunty, Sister, Cousin, Little Brother and I played on the raft in the river, it floated. Nan watched. When the dog, Big Brother, Aunty, Sister, Cousin, Little Brother and I played on the raft in the river, it sank. Nan laughed. (Briggs-Pattison & Harvey, 1998) This text, among many others, depends on the fact that family is the essence of Aboriginal existence.
To make a distinction between different forms of cultural conceptualisation, imagine that in a given society people interact with each other in conceptualising and establishing systems of kinship. One aspect of kinship conceptualisation would be to use linguistic labels to categorise people into ‘mum’, ‘dad’, ‘aunt’, etc. Another would be to develop norms of conduct and responsibility towards each kin. These norms do not define the category. Rather, they are associated with the category thematically and, as such, would need to be considered as schemas.
Thus, the role of individuals in a cultural group may be described in terms of a circular pattern of cause and effect. At this point, I would like to focus on conceptualisation and language as two integral aspects of cultural cognition. The whole field of cognitive linguistics is based on the assumption that various aspects of language embody conceptualisation of experience. While it is acknowledged that the locus of language and conceptualisation is the individual, the two ultimately emerge at the cultural level of cognition.
Cultural Conceptualisations and Language: Theoretical framework and applications by Farzad Sharifian