By James Underhill
Encouraging readers to mirror upon language and the position metaphor performs in patterning principles and notion, this ebook first deals a serious advent to metaphor concept because it has emerged during the last thirty years within the States. James W. Underhill then widens the scope of metaphor conception by way of investigating not just the worldview our language bargains us, but in addition the worldviews which we adapt in our personal ideological and private interpretations of the world.This ebook explores new avenues in metaphor thought within the paintings of up to date French, German and Czech students. targeted case reports marry metaphor conception with discourse research with a purpose to examine the methods the Czech language used to be reshaped through communist discourse, and how fascism emerged within the German language. The 3rd case research turns metaphor conception on its head: rather than searching for metaphors in language, it describes the best way language structures (French & English) are understood when it comes to metaphorically-framed ideas evolving over t
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Additional info for Creating worldviews : metaphor, ideology and language
Plato is the first arch-enemy of metaphor that Lakoff and Johnson set out to tackle. ’ This view, stated in 1980 (190) remained largely unchanged in 1999 when Lakoff and Johnson outlined the central tenets of the traditional theory of metaphor, the first three of which are: Metaphor is a matter of words, not thought. Metaphor occurs when a word is applied not to what it normally designates but to something else. Metaphorical language is not part of ordinary conventional language. Instead, it is novel and typically arises in poetry, rhetorical attempts at persuasion, and scientific discovery.
The rigorous analysis of metaphor offered by Lakoff and Johnson allows us to win back a concept that is often assigned a precarious place in modern thought: imagination is no longer a flight of fancy, it is a fundamental process of the organising mind. indd 22 09/05/2011 17:16 a concern for metaphor 23 of experience, nor should it be regarded as a literary process of meaning transfer, a poetic but essentially ‘disruptive’ semantic process. Lakoff and Johnson (and the cognitive linguists who followed in their footsteps) refused the division of language into literal and figurative forms which tended to make metaphor the prerogative of the poets rather than the concern of linguists and thinkers in general.
Bush, Jr. indd 44 09/05/2011 17:16 further cognitive contributions to metaphor theory 45 CRITICAL DISCOURSE ANALYSIS Part of the success of metaphor theory in recent decades can be attributed to the way in which the study of conceptual metaphor has loaned itself to the analysis of economic and political discourse. Critical discourse analysis has been growing as a field of study over the last decade, and various researchers have formulated innovative ways of applying and adapting metaphor theory.
Creating worldviews : metaphor, ideology and language by James Underhill