By Mariko Karatsu
This publication provides learn findings at the total strategy of storytelling as a social occasion in eastern daily conversations concentrating on the connection among a narrative and surrounding talks, the social and cultural elements of the members, and the tellability of conversational tales. targeting the individuals’ verbal and nonverbal habit and their use of linguistic units, the chapters describe how the contributors reveal their orientation to the a) embeddedness of the tale within the dialog, b) their perspectives of earlier occasions, c) their wisdom concerning the tale content material and parts, and d) their social situations, and the way those 4 parts are appropriate for a narrative turning into worthy telling and sharing. The booklet furthers the sociolinguistic research of conversational storytelling by means of describing how the individuals’ issues approximately social conditions as participants of a selected group, in particular their position relationships and interpersonal relationships with others, impact the form in their storytelling.
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Extra info for Conversational Storytelling among Japanese Women: Conversational circumstances, social circumstances and tellability of stories
Stage 1: Teller’s announcing turn a. Vividness or unusualness, achieved via i. The creation of a mystery, the resolution of which requires ethnographic, cultural or personal knowledge. Recency, achieved via the indication that the announceable story is “new” news. 2. Stage 2: Recipient’s elicitation turn a. WH-question, b. Next turn repair initiator, or c. Directing the character of the teller’s talk (Mandelbaum, 1987, pp. 204, 269, and 271) some stories are presented as disjunctive tellings, interruptive of the otherwise ongoing talk, and touched off by something just said, just noticed in the environment, just recalled, etc.
I described my research as research on “Japanese people as they engage in casual conversations and their use of Japanese language” and gave no further details. Later, when these people had a plan to get together, for example, a private party or tea or lunchtime meeting, where I could audio- and video- tape their conversation, they informed me of such occasions in advance. On the day of the recording, I visited the meeting place, which could have been in the participants’ homes, their offices, their schools or restaurants.
In this way, Mandlebaum claimed that the recipients are able to direct the story and change the tellability of an event, specifically its characterization. Drawing on Labov and Waletzky’s (1967) and Labov’s (1972) evaluation and evaluative devices, other researchers also demonstrated how characterization of the story is negotiated between the teller and other participants (M. H. Goodwin, 1990, 1997; Karatsu, 2004b; Polanyi, 1979, 1985a; Sunakawa, 2010). Focusing on how story tellers evaluate the events of a story taking into consideration their recipients’ Conversational Storytelling among Japanese Women responses, Polanyi (1979, 1985a) demonstrated how the story teller negotiates what is to be taken as the point of the story with the story recipients who ask questions, challenge the story teller and offer their own interpretations of what the telling should be about.
Conversational Storytelling among Japanese Women: Conversational circumstances, social circumstances and tellability of stories by Mariko Karatsu