Contact Languages: A Wider Perspective (Creole Language by Sarah G. Thomason PDF

By Sarah G. Thomason

ISBN-10: 9027252394

ISBN-13: 9789027252395

Featuring linguistic and old sketches of lesser-known touch languages, this paintings goals to give a contribution to a extra balanced view of the main dramatic result of language touch. The 12 case stories provide testimony opposed to the view that every one touch languages are pidgins and creoles with maximally basic and primarily exact grammars. They express that a few touch languages are neither pidgins nor creoles, and they can exhibit significant structural range and complexity; in addition they convey that two-language touch events may give upward thrust to pidgins, specifically while entry to a objective language is withheld by means of its audio system. The chapters are prepared by way of language kind: 3 specialise in pidgins (Hiri Motu, Pidgin Delaware and Ndyuka-Trio Pidgin); one on a suite of pidgins and creoles (Arabic-based touch languages); one at the query of early pidginization and/or creolization in Swahili; and 5 on bilingual combined languages (Michif, Media Lengua and Callahuaya, and Mednyj Aleut and Ma'a). The objective of this quantity is to aid offset the normal emphasis on pidgins and creoles that arose as a right away result of touch with Europeans, beginning within the Age of Exploration.

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2. Delaware phonology The phonemes of Southern Unami (SU), as exemplified by twentieth-century Oklahoma Delaware, are displayed in Table l. 5 Some of the differences between Southern Unami and Northern Unami are relevant to understanding the sources of Pidgin Delaware. g. 7 (1) SU -k 'and'

No evidence ? - no evidence No, uses all and altugeta ? - no evidence 11. Restricted adjective agreement ? - no evidence No, no adjective agreement at all No, no adjective agreement at all No, no adjective agreement at all 12. Dohore and variants used before verb to indicate future ? - no evidence of ? - no tense No, but Koriki No, but baimbai such use in distinctions in material can be used in similar way available materials verbs, these being used in similar way indicated by although future tense is mostly indicated by adverbs of time such as aire "later, -varia on verbs afterwards", or vevere "tomorrow" for future; mamaro "now" for present.

12. I say "presumably" here because without any evidence of the language learning abilities of these foreigners it is not possible to be more precise. Yet we know that individuals in general do display different language learning capabilities, and that level of education is not necessarily an indication of that ability. P. Murray, the renowned Lieutenant-Governor of Papua for thirty-three years, admitted to attempting to learn "true" Motu but did not get very far with it. "It is said to be easy," he wrote in a letter to his brother George on 14th March 1904, "but for some reason or other I cannot get the hang of it" (West 1970:35).

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Contact Languages: A Wider Perspective (Creole Language Library) by Sarah G. Thomason

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