Gilbe Kodilinye, Gilbert Kodilinye's Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law: Text, Cases & Materials PDF

By Gilbe Kodilinye, Gilbert Kodilinye

ISBN-10: 1859415393

ISBN-13: 9781859415399

This article is designed to offer legislations scholars within the Caribbean a easy textual content on torts, observed by means of extracts from West Indian instances and crucial statutory provisions. Emphasis is put on these themes most typically litigated within the West Indies - negligence, nuisance, defamation, trespass to the individual, employers' legal responsibility and passing off. even if basically conceived as a textual content for college kids examining for the LLB measure within the West Indies, practitioners should still locate the booklet worthwhile within the approach within which it brings to mild many hitherto unreported decisions.

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Again, if A wilfully damages B’s goods, he is liable for the crime of malicious damage to property and for the tort of trespass to chattels. The effect in such cases is that the civil and criminal remedies are not alternative but concurrent, each being independent of the other. The wrongdoer may be punished by imprisonment or fine, and he may also be compelled in a civil action for tort to pay damages to the injured person by way of compensation. 4 Finally, an important distinction between tort and crime is that, to succeed in a criminal trial, the prosecution must prove its case ‘beyond reasonable doubt’, whereas in an action in tort, the plaintiff is merely required to establish his claim ‘on a balance of probabilities’.

Thus, if the defendant’s act is unlawful, the fact that he had a good motive for doing it will not exonerate him. For example, If D locks his adult relative in her room to prevent her from going out with a man whom D believes to be of bad character, D will be liable to her for false imprisonment, and the fact that D had a good motive will not excuse him. Conversely, if the defendant’s act is lawful, the fact that he had a bad motive for doing it will not make him liable. Thus, where D was annoyed because the plaintiff corporation had refused to purchase his land at an inflated price in connection with its scheme for supplying water to a town and, by way of spite, abstracted water which flowed in undefined channels under his land, thereby preventing the water from reaching the plaintiff’s adjoining reservoir, he was not liable to the plaintiff, since he had committed no tort.

Table of Cases Hartley v Gray’s Inn Sugar Factory Ltd (1995) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No H 011 of 1987 (unreported) 85 Haseldine v Daw [1941] 2 KB 343 100 Haughton v Hackney BC [1961] 3 KIR 615 135 Hawkins v Coulsdon and Purley UDC [1954] 1 All ER 97 165 Hay v Hughes [1975] 1 All ER 257 491 Haye v Bruce (1971) 18 WIR 313 419 Haynes v Harwood [1934] All ER Rep 103 Haynes v Johnson (1978) 31 WIR 95 138, 471, 473 289, 294–96 Heasmans v Clarity Cleaning Co Ltd [1987] IRLR 286 430 Hebditch v M’Ilwaine [1894] 2 QB 54 364 Hedley Byrne and Co Ltd v Heller and Partners Ltd [1963] 2 All ER 575 Heeralall v Hack Bros (Construction) Co Ltd (1977) 25 WIR 117 Henderson v Henry E Jenkins and Sons [1970] AC 282 Henderson v Radio Corp [1960] SR (NSW) 576 139, 140, 141, 143, 144, 150, 151 477, 479 125 395, 402 Hendricks v Singh [1917–32] Clark’s Rep 252 255 Hendriks v Montagu (1881) 50 LJ Ch 456 387 Henry v Thompson (1991) High Court, Grenada, No 439 of 1987 (unreported) Henry v Tracey (1997) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL 1992/H-107 (unreported) Henwood v Harrison (1872) LR 7 CP 606 272, 274, 275 70, 75 364 Herd v Weardale Steel Co Ltd [1915] AC 67 Hernandez v Alta Garcia Quarry Ltd (1981) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 2298 of 1979 (unreported) 23 222 Herniman v Smith [1938] AC 305 65 Herring v Boyle (1834) 3 LJ Ex 344 24 Herrnicht v Green (1989) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 737 of 1985 (unreported) 420 Hewitt v Bonvin [1940] 1 KB 188 433, 441, 442, 444 Hewson v Downs [1970] 1 QB 73 488 Hibbert v AG (1988) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL H-187 of 1982 (unreported) Hickey v Electric Reduction Co of Canada Ltd (1970) 21 DLR (3d) 368 Hicks v Faulkner (1878) 8 QBD 167 3 192 66, 73, 74 Hilder v Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers Ltd [1961] 1 WLR 1434 xxix 86 Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law Hill v Chief Constable of West Yorkshire [1989] AC 53 83 Hills v AG (1980) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1009 of 1974 (unreported) 66 Hilton v Thomas Burton (Rhodes) Ltd [1961] 1 All ER 74 Hind v Craig (1983) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No Col M-064 (unreported) 418, 423 101 Hinds v Lee (1952) 6 JLR 176 284 Hines v Winnick [1947] Ch 708 392 Hinkson v COX Ltd (1985) High Court, Barbados, No 451 of 1984 (unreported) 475 Hoare and Co Ltd v McAlpine [1923] 1 Ch 167 241 Holgate-Mohammed v Duke [1984] 1 All ER 1054 Hollywood Silver Fox Farm Ltd v Emmett [1936] 2 KB 468 Holt v Scholefield (1796) 101 ER 775 47 198, 205, 211 298 Home Office v Dorset Yacht Co [1970] AC 1004 Homing Pigeon v Racing Pigeon Ltd (1913) 29 TLR 389 Honeywill v Larkin Bros [1934] 1 KB 191 80, 81 338 447 Hopkinson v Lall (1959) 1 WIR 382 435, 436 Hopwood v Muirson [1945] 1 KB 313 295 Hornal v Neuberger Products Ltd [1957] 1 QB 247 Horrocks v Lowe [1972] AC 135 321, 322 373 Hoyte v Kirpalani’s Ltd, See Kirpalani’s Ltd v Hoyte Hoyte v Liberator Press Ltd (1973) High Court, Guyana, No 269 of 1972 (unreported) 350, 358–63 Hudson v Ridge Manufacturing Co Ltd [1957] 2 QB 348 180 Hughes v Lord Advocate [1963] AC 837 132, 461 Hughes v McLean (1921) 4 Trin SC 98 52 Hull v Ellis (1966) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 36 of 1965 (unreported) Hulton v Jones [1909] 2 KB 444 15 316, 317 Humphries v Cousins (1877) 2 CPD 239 232 Hunt v National Insurance Board (1997) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 620 of 1996 (unreported) 412 Hunt v Severs [1994] 2 All ER 385 478 Hunt v Star Newspaper Co Ltd [1908–10] All ER Rep 513 Hunter v Canary Wharf Ltd [1997] 2 All ER 426 Hunter v Wright [1938] 2 All ER 621 338, 340, 341 217, 218 121 Hurdle v Allied Metals Ltd (1974) 9 Barb LR 1 xxx 182–84 Table of Cases Husbands v The Advocate Co Ltd (1968) 12 WIR 454 356, 376 Hussain v East Coast Berbice Village Council (1979) High Court, Guyana, No 308 of 1976 (unreported) 273, 448 Hutchinson v London and North Eastern Rly [1942] 1 KB 781 463 Huth v Huth [1915] 3 KB 32 319 Ifill v Rayside Concrete Works Ltd (1981) 16 Barb LR 193 172, 178–82 Ilkiw v Samuels [1963] 1 WLR 991 424, 426 Imperial Chemical Industries Ltd v Shatwell [1965] AC 656 403, 474 Imperial Life Assurance Co of Canada v Bank of Commerce (Jamaica) Ltd (1985) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 35 of 1981 (unreported) Indermaur v Dames (1866) LR 1 CP 274 142–47 160, 161 IRC v Hambrook [1956] 1 All ER 578 490 IRC v Muller and Co [1901] AC 213 400 Insurance Comr v Joyce (1948) 77 CLR 39 472 Irish v Barry (1965) 8 WIR 177 34, 69 Irving v The Post Office [1987] IRLR 289 430 Isaacs v Cook [1925] 2 KB 391 348 JEB Fasteners Ltd v Marks [1981] 3 All ER 289 141 Jacobs v London CC [1950] 1 All ER 737 269 Jack v Bruce (1950) 10 Trin LR 68 31 Jackson v High View Estate (1997) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No J 283 of 1991 (unreported) 419 Jamaica Omnibus Services Ltd v Caldarola (1966) 10 WIR 117 485 Jamaica Omnibus Services Ltd v Gordon (1971) 12 JLR 487 117 Jamaica Omnibus Services Ltd v Hamilton (1970) 16 WIR 316 111–16 Jamaica Public Service Co Ltd v Morgan (1986) 44 WIR 310 506, 508 James v Seivwright (1971) 12 JLR 617 117, 117 Jangoo v Gomez (1984) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 2652 of 1978 (unreported) Jay v Ladler (1888) 40 Ch D 649 35–37, 60 383 Jennings v Hannon (1969) 89 WN (Pt 2) (NSW) 232 442 Jhaman v Anroop [1951] LRBG 172 64, 72–74 Joel v Morrison (1834) 172 ER 1338 410 Johnson v Browne (1972) 19 WIR 382 482 Johnson v Graham (1983) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL 1981/J-011 (unreported) 482 Johnston v Wellesley Hospital (1970) 17 DLR (3d) 139 xxxi 19 Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law Jones v Festiniog Rly (1868) LR 3 QB 733 249 Jones v Gleeson (1965) 39 ALJR 258 493 Jones v Jones [1916] 1 KB 351; [1916] 2 AC 481 Jones v Livox Quarries Ltd [1952] 2 QB 608 285, 289 453, 466, 467 Jones v Skelton [1963] 1 WLR 1362 299 Jones v Watney (1912) 28 TLR 399 138 Jordan v The Advocate Co Ltd (1998) High Court, Barbados, No 727 of 1996 (unreported) 312 Joseph v Hepburn (1992) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 762 of 1989 (unreported) 407 Joyce v Yeomans [1981] 2 All ER 21 487 Joynt v Cycle Trade Publishing Co [1904] 2 KB 292 341 Junior Books Ltd v Veitchi [1983] 1 AC 520 83 Kandalla v British Airways Board [1980] 1 All ER 341 506 Kariah v Maharaj (1992) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1002 of 1975 (unreported) 117 Kelly v Big Ben Ltd (1986) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 404 of 1980 (unreported) 427 Kemsley v Foot [1952] 1 All ER 501 340, 341, 343 Keppel Bus Co Ltd v Ahmad [1974] 2 All ER 700 Kerr v Kennedy [1942] 1 KB 409 420 286 Khan v Bhairoo (1970) 17 WIR 192 453, 464–68, 485 Khan v Khan [1974] LRG 287 495, 506 Khan v Singh (1960) 2 WIR 441 62, 66 Khorasandjian v Bush [1993] 3 All ER 669 194 Kiddle v Business Properties Ltd [1942] 1 KB 269 226 Kirpalani’s Ltd v Hoyte (1977) Court of Appeal, Trinidad and Tobago, Civ App No 77 of 1971 (unreported), reversing sub nom Hoyte v Kirpalani’s Ltd (1972) 19 WIR 310 Kirton v Rogers (1972) 19 WIR 191 161, 162 167–70, 231, 235 Kiskimo Ltd v Salmon (1991) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 13 of 1994 (unreported) 487 K-Mart Corp v Kay Mart Ltd (1997) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No K 066 of 1995 (unreported) 387 Knott v London CC [1934] 1 KB 126 260 Knupffer v London Express Newspaper Ltd [1943] KB 80; on appeal [1944] AC 116 Koenig v Ritchie (1862) 176 ER 185 313, 315, 317 362 xxxii Table of Cases Kohanian v Carnival Crystal Palace Resort and Casino (1999) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 1421 of 1994 (unreported) Koodratali v Chin [1939] LRBG 218 111 74 Koonoo v Ramoutar (1984) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 3237 of 1978 (unreported) Kunwarsingh v Ramkelawan (1972) 20 WIR 441 Lagos Chamber of Commerce Inc v Registrar of Companies (1956) 72 RPC 263 3 118, 463 399 Laird v AG (1974) 21 WIR 416 30, 52 Lamb v Camden LBC [1981] 2 All ER 408 82, 83 Lamont v Emmanuel (1966) Court of Appeal, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1 of 1965 (unreported) Lander v Gentle [1941] LRBG 159 282, 287, 288, 318 51 Lane v Holloway [1968] 1 QB 379 18 Latimer v AEC Ltd [1952] 2 QB 701; on appeal [1953] AC 643 89, 98 Laufer v International Marbella Club SA (1988) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 2 of 1986 (unreported) 139 Laughten v Bishop of Sodor and Man (1872) LR 4 PC 495 369 Launchbury v Morgans [1971] 2 QB 245; on appeal, sub nom Morgans v Launchbury [1973] AC 127 Laurie v Raglan Building Co Ltd [1941] 3 All ER 332 434, 437, 438 119, 120 Lawrence v Lightburn (1981) 31 WIR 107 300–04 Le Fanu v Malcolmson (1848) 1 HLC 637 315 Leachinsky v Christie [1945] 2 All ER 395 40 Leakey v National Trust [1980] 1 All ER 17 Lebrun v High-Low Foods Ltd (1968) 69 DLR (2d) 433 222, 232 51 Legall v Skinner Drilling (Contractors) Ltd (1993) High Court, Barbados, No 1775 of 1991 (unreported) 174 Lemmon v Webb [1895] AC 1 214 Letang v Cooper [1965] 1 QB 232 16 Levy v Hamilton (1921) 153 LT 384 375 Lewis v Brookshaw (1970) The Times, 10 April Lewis v Daily Telegraph Ltd [1964] AC 234 Lewis v High Duty Alloys Ltd [1957] 1 All ER 720 Lewis (John) and Co Ltd v Tims [1952] AC 676, reversing sub nom Tims v Lewis (John) and Co Ltd [1951] 2 KB 459 xxxiii 19 282, 291, 294, 299, 300, 301, 302, 303, 309, 310, 318 183 67 Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law Liesbosch Dredger v SS Edison [1933] AC 449 137 Liffen v Watson [1940] 1 KB 556 494 Limpus v London General Omnibus Co (1862) 158 ER 993 413 Lloyd v Grace, Smith and Co [1912] AC 716 429 Lloyd v West Midlands Gas Board [1971] 2 All ER 1240 123 Lochgelly Iron and Coal Co Ltd v McMullan [1934] AC 1 London Artists Ltd v Littler [1968] 1 All ER 1085; on appeal [1969] 2 All ER 193 77, 107 334, 352, 360 London Association for the Protection of Trade v Greenlands [1916] AC 15 364 London Graving Dock v Horton [1951] AC 737 160 Lundy v Sargent (1998) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 693 of 1998 (unreported) Luther v The Argosy Co Ltd [1940] LRBG 88 17 311 Lyford Cay Co Ltd v Lyford Cay Real Estate Co Ltd (1988–89) 2 Carib CLR 93 391, 392 Lynch v Nurdin (1841) 113 ER 1041 456, 458 Maharaj v Rampersad (1950) 10 Trin LR 65 Maharaj v Republic Bank Ltd (1987) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 10 of 1983 (unreported) 122 152, 153 Malabre v Gordon (1974) 12 JLR 1407 223 Malcolm v Broadhurst [1970] 3 All ER 508 132 Mallet v McMonagle [1969] 2 All ER 178 498 Malone v Laskey [1907] 2 KB 141 194, 217 Malz v Rosen [1966] 1 WLR 1008 63, 67 Manawatu County v Rowe [1956] NZLR 78 442 Manchester Beverages Ltd v Thompson (1999) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 88 of 1994 (unreported) 170 Manchester Corp v Farnworth [1930] AC 171 Mandraj v Texaco Trinidad Inc (1969) 15 WIR 251 Mansell v Griffin [1908] 1 KB 160 227 232, 243 18 Maraj v Samlal (1982) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1058 of 1973 (unreported) 496–501 Marc Rich and Co AG v Bishop Rock Marine Co Ltd (The Nicholas H) [1995] 3 All ER 307 134 Market Investigations Ltd v Minister of Social Security [1968] 3 All ER 732 406 Marley (Robert) Foundation v Dino Michelle (1994) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL R-115 of 1992 (unreported) xxxiv 395, 398–402 Table of Cases Marlor v Ball (1900) 16 TLR 239 260 Marshall v Thompson (1979) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL M-101 of 1976 (unreported) 31 Marston v Wallace [1960] Gleaner LR 277 45 Martignoni v Harris (1971) 2 NSWLR 103 258, 265 Martin v Watson [1994] 2 All ER 666; on appeal [1996] AC 74 64 Martins v L King and Sons Ltd (1978) High Court, Guyana, No 1881 of 1977 (unreported) 227, 238 Matania v National Provincial Bank [1936] 2 All ER 633 221 Matheson v Soltau [1933] JLR 72 439, 440 Maxwell v Forde and St John (1974) 22 WIR 12 296–98 Mayers v AG (1993) High Court, Barbados, No 1231 of 1991 (unreported) 18 Mazawattee Tea Co Ltd v Psaila Ltd [1925] LRBG 56 380 McAree v Achille (1970) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 438 of 1968 (unreported) 120 McCarey v Associated Newspapers Ltd (No 1) [1964] 2 All ER 335 349 McCarey v Associated Newspapers Ltd (No 2) [1965] 2 QB 86 375 McCarthy v Barbados Light and Power Co Ltd (1988) High Court, Barbados, No 127 of 1988 (unreported) McCollin v Da Costa and Musson Ltd (1982) High Court, Barbados, No 213 of 1981 (unreported) McCullough v May [1947] 2 All ER 845 501–05 26–28 395, 402 McDonald Farms Ltd v The Advocate Co Ltd (1996) 52 WIR 64 352 McIntosh v McIntosh (1963) 5 WIR 398 259 McKinnon Industries Ltd v Walker [1951] 3 DLR 577 198 McKone v Wood (1831) 172 ER 850 260 McQuaker v Goddard [1940] 1 KB 687 257 McQuire v Western Morning News [1903] 2 KB 100 328 McSweeney v Super Value Food Store Ltd (1980) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 481 of 1979 (unreported) McWilliams v Sir William Arrol and Co Ltd [1962] 1 WLR 295 Mediana, The [1900] AC 113 162–64 129 482 Meering v Grahame-White Aviation Co Ltd (1919) 122 LT 44 Mensah v R (1945) 11 WACA 2 (PC) 24, 27, 28 15 Mersey Docks and Harbour Board v Coggins and Griffith (Liverpool) Ltd [1947] AC 1 Mersey Docks Trustees v Gibbs (1866) 11 ER 1500 Merson v Cartwright (1994) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 1131 of 1987 (unreported) xxxv 406, 438 99 17, 23, 56, 65, 69 Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law Metall und Rohstoff AG v Donaldson Lufkin and Jenretta Inc [1990] 1 QB 391 Metropolitan Board of Works v McCarthy (1874) LR 7 HL 243 Metropolitan Police Receiver v Croydon Corp [1957] 2 QB 154 Midwood v Manchester Corp [1905] 2 KB 597 59 192 488 218, 230 Millen v University of the West Indies Hospital Board of Management (1984) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL M-066 of 1980 (unreported); on appeal (1986) 44 WIR 274 101 Miller v Decker [1957] SCR 624 472 Miller v Jackson [1977] QB 966 197 Mills v AG (1980) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1009 of 1974 (unreported) 47 Mirchandani v Barbados Rediffusion Service Ltd (1992) 42 WIR 38 351 Mitchell v North British Rubber Co [1945] SC (J) 69 188 Moeliker v Reyrolle and Co Ltd [1977] 1 WLR 132 486 Moffat v Coates (1906) 44 Sc LR 20 351 Mohammed Amin v Bannerjee [1947] AC 322 Mohammed v Taylor (1994) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No S 2410 of 1987 (unreported) Monk v Warbey [1935] 1 KB 75 63 67, 70 444 Montgomery v Thompson [1891] AC 217 351, 394 Morgan v Odhams Press Ltd [1971] 1 WLR 1239 294, 311 Morgans v Launchbury, See Launchbury v Morgans Morris v Luton Corp [1946] 1 KB 114 118 Morris v CW Martin and Sons Ltd [1966] 1 QB 716 430 Morris v Murray [1991] 2 WLR 195 472 Morris v National Sports Club (1993) Court of Appeal, Bermuda, Civ App No 25 of 1992 (unreported) 156 Morris v Point Lisas Steel Products Ltd (1989) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1886 of 1983 (unreported) 172, 173 Morris v Seanem Fixtures Ltd (1976) 11 Barb LR 104 Mostyn, The [1928] AC 57 242 Mowser v De Nobriga (1969) 15 WIR 147 86–91, 98, 470 Mullings v Murrell (1993) 30 JLR 278 51 Murphy v Brentwood DC [1990] 3 WLR 414 84 Murphy v Richards (1960) 2 WIR 143 46 Murray v Ministry of Defence [1988] 2 All ER 521 24 Murray v Williams (1936) 6 JLR 180 284–86 Musgrove v Pandelis [1919] 2 KB 43 231, 232 xxxvi Table of Cases Mutual Life and Citizens’ Assurance Co Ltd v Evatt [1971] 1 All ER 150 141, 143, 144, 148 My Kinda Town Ltd v Soll [1983] RPC 407 390 Myers v Gooding (1989) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 5825 of 1986 (unreported) 318 Nabi v British Leyland Ltd [1980] 1 All ER 667 Nance v British Columbia Electric Rly Co [1951] 2 All ER 448 Narayan v Kellar [1958] LRBG 45 488 459, 465 32 Nation v Collins (1962) 8 JLR 25 117 National Commercial Bank of Trinidad and Tobago Ltd v Sentinel Security Services Ltd (1996) 50 WIR 442 430 National Incorporated Association v Barnardo Amalgamated Industries Ltd (1950) 66 RPC 103 399 National Insurance Co of New Zealand v Espagne (1961) 105 CLR 569 491 Nauth v Alexander [1960] LRBG 313 281 Neely v Minister of Tourism (1996) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 1183 of 1994 (unreported) Nettleship v Weston [1971] 3 All ER 581 136 100, 469 Nevill v Fine Art and General Insurance Co Ltd [1897] AC 68 302, 355, 367 Newstead v London Express Newspaper Ltd [1940] 1 KB 377 316, 317 Newsweek Inc v BBC [1979] RPC 441 384 Nicholls v Ely Beet Sugar Factory Ltd [1936] Ch 343 225 Nicholls v Tutt (1992) 41 WIR 140 433 Nichols v Marsland (1876) 2 Ex D 1 241 Nield v London and North Western Rly (1874) LR 10 Ex 4 226 Nisbett v Wheatley (1993) High Court, British Virgin Islands, No 113 of 1987 (unreported) 111 Noble v Harrison [1926] 2 KB 332 216 Norman v Telecommunication Services of Trinidad and Tobago Ltd (1996) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No S 1668 of 1992 (unreported) 193 North v Wood [1914] 1 KB 629 260 Northwestern Utilities Ltd v London Guarantee and Accident Co Ltd [1936] AC 108 Nottage v Super Value Food Stores Ltd (1997) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 389 of 1994 (unreported) Nurse v Haley [1920] LRBG 174 85, 236, 243 134, 135 257, 258, 260 xxxvii Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law O’Brien v Eason (1913) 47 Ir LT 266 314 O’Connell v Jackson [1972] 1 QB 270 453 O’Connor v Waldron [1935] AC 76 347 Office Cleaning Services Ltd v Westminster Window and General Cleaners Ltd (1946) 63 RPC 39 Oliver v Sangster (1951) 6 JLR 24 389, 391 122 Olivierre v Maharaj (1994) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 72 of 1985 (unreported) 32 Ormrod v Crosville Motor Services Ltd [1953] 2 All ER 753 432, 434, 436, 438 Osadebay v Solomon (1983) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 803 of 1979 (unreported) 322, 330, 341 Osborn v Boulter [1930] 2 KB 226 355, 371 Outar v Sookram [1953] LRBG 51 209–11 Owens v Brimmell [1976] 3 All ER 765 117, 454, 472 Padilla v George (1967) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 2143 of 1965 (unreported) Palmer v Morrison [1963] Gleaner LR 150 Pannett v McGuinness (P) and Co Ltd [1972] 3 All ER 137 Panton v Sherwood (1961) 4 WIR 163 17, 47 47 168, 170 70 Parejo v Koo (1966–69) 19 Trin LR (Pt IV) 272 111, 118, 119 Paris v Stepney BC [1951] AC 367 91, 92, 100 Parker v Miller (1926) 42 TLR 408 113 Parker-Knoll Ltd v Knoll International Ltd [1962] RPC 265 Parry v Cleaver [1969] 1 All ER 555 395 488, 489, 491, 492, 493 Parsons v BNM Laboratories [1963] 2 All ER 658 Paul v AG (1998) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No CV 369 of 1982 (unreported) 493 32, 70 Payne v Rly Executive [1951] 2 All ER 910 491 Payton v Snelling, Lampard and Co [1901] AC 308 391 Peabody Donation Fund (Governors of) v Sir Lindsay Parkinson Ltd [1984] 3 All ER 529 83 Pedro v Diss [1981] 2 All ER 59 31 Pemberton v Hi-Lo Food Stores Ltd (1991) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 6036 of 1988 (unreported) 163 Penny v Wimbledon UDC [1899] 2 QB 72 448 Perch v Transport Board (1981) 16 Barb LR 102 Perry v Kendricks Transport Ltd [1956] 1 All ER 154 xxxviii 458 242, 243, 244, 246, 249 Table of Cases Persaud v Gajraj (1978) High Court, Guyana, No 1221 of 1976 (unreported) 287 Persaud v Kunar (1978) High Court, Guyana, No 435 of 1975 (unreported) 287, 376 Persaud v Parsley [1948] LRBG 91 366 Persaud v Verbeke [1971] LRG 1 424–26 Philips v Whiteley [1938] 1 All ER 566 100 Phillips v Barbados Light and Power Co Ltd (1972) 7 Barb LR 154 235, 245–48, 249 Phillips v Bourne [1947] 1 All ER 373 265 Pilgrim v Transport Board (1990) High Court, Barbados, No 1110 of 1983 (unreported) 495 Pitters v Spotless Dry Cleaners and Laundry (1978) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL P-016 of 1975 (unreported) 461–63 Pitts v Hunt [1990] 3 All ER 344 472 Plumb v Cobden Flour Mills Co Ltd [1914] AC 62 412 Pogas Distributors Ltd v McKitty (1995) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 13 of 1994 (unreported) 486 Poland v Parr [1927] 1 KB 236 420 Polemis, Re [1921] 3 KB 560 131 Polsue and Alfieri Ltd v Rushmer [1907] AC 121 206 Pontadawe RDC v Moore-Gwyn [1929] 1 Ch 656 232 Ponting v Noakes [1894] 2 QB 281 233 Porter v Armin (1976) High Court, Guyana, No 3779 of 1970 (unreported) 117 Praed v Graham (1889) 24 QBD 53 376 Premsagar v Rajkumar (1978) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 244 of 1974 (unreported) Prosser (A) and Son Ltd v Levy [1955] 3 All ER 577 Quarman v Burnett [1835–42] All ER Rep 250 453, 468 246 402, 404 Quartz Hill Gold Mining Co v Eyre (1883) 11 QBD 674 59 Quashie v Airport Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (1992) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No T 176 of 1988 (unreported) 21 Quashie v AG (1992) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 30 of 1987 (unreported) R v Harvey (1823) 107 ER 379 56, 69 7 R v Howarth (1828) 168 ER 1243 49 R v Lemsatef [1977] 2 All ER 835 31 R v Meade and Belt (1823) 1 Law CC 184 15 xxxix Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law R v Sampson (1954) 6 JLR 292 38 R v Smart (1952) 6 JLR 132 48 R v St George (1840) 173 ER 921 15 R v St Pancras Assessment Committee (1877) 2 QBD 381 219 R v Wilson [1955] 1 WLR 493 15 Raggett v Findlater (1873) LR 17 Eq 29 392 Railways Comr (NSW) v Cardy (1961) 104 CLR 274 169, 247 Rainham Chemical Works Ltd v Belvedere Fish Guano Co [1921] AC 465 231 Rambaran v Port Authority of Trinidad and Tobago (1991) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1040 of 1985 (unreported) 160 Rambarran v Gurrucharran [1970] 1 All ER 749 Ramdhan Singh Ltd v Panchoo (1975) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 764 of 1976 (unreported) Ramessar v Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission (1966–69) 19 Trin LR (Pt IV) 103 Ramharack v Caroni 1975 Ltd (1998) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No S 723 of 1996 (unreported) Ramkhelawan v Motilal (1967) 19 Trin LR (Pt II) 117 Ramkissoon v Sorias (1970) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 2170 of 1968 (unreported) Ramsahoye v Peter Taylor and Co Ltd [1964] LRBG 329 Ramsarran v McLean (1972) High Court, Guyana, No 103 of 1971 (unreported) Ramsay v Larsen (1964) 111 CLR 16 440–44 124 445–47 116 287–89, 292 60 293, 308, 313–16 117 18 Rands v McNeil [1955] 1 QB 253 261 Rayson v South London Tramways Co [1893] 2 QB 304 REMS Co Ltd v Frett (1996) Court of Appeal, British Virgin Islands, Civ App No 4 of 1995 (unreported) Read v Coker (1853) 13 CB 850 76 412 16 Read v Lyons [1945] KB 216; [1947] AC 156 Ready Mixed Concrete (South East) Ltd v Minister of Pensions [1968] 2 QB 497 Reddaway v Banham (1896) 13 RPC 218 230, 232, 233, 234, 235, 249 407 390, 392 Redpath v Belfast and County Down Rly [1947] NI 167 Reid v Sylvester (1972) 19 WIR 86 491 45, 46 Reid v Tyson (1993) Court of Appeal, St Christopher and Nevis, Mag App No 6 of 1993 (unreported) Rhyna v Transport and Harbours Department (1985) Court of Appeal, Guyana, Civ App No 56 of 1982 (unreported) xl 262 91, 92, 100, 474 Table of Cases Richards v Clarke (1990) High Court, St Lucia, No 142 of 1989 (unreported) 111 Richardson v Richardson (1993) Court of Appeal, Anguilla, Mag App No 5 of 1992 (unreported) 128 Richardson v Tull [1976] Trin LR 8 372 Richley v Faull [1965] 3 All ER 109 119, 120 Rickards v Lothian [1913] AC 263 233, 236, 238, 245 Ricket v Metropolitan Rly Co (1867) LR 2 HL 175 Ricketts v Thomas Tilling Ltd [1915] 1 KB 644 Ricks and Sari Industries Ltd v Gooding (1986) High Court, Barbados, No 1090 of 1986 (unreported) Roberts v Roberts (1864) 33 LJQB 249 192 424, 425 383–88, 393 281 Robinson v AG (1981) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 941 of 1976 (unreported) Robinson v Balmain Ferry Co Ltd [1910] AC 295 Robinson v Kilvert (1889) 41 Ch D 88 57 23 197 Robley v Placide (1966) 11 WIR 58 93–97, 98 Robson v Hallett [1967] 2 QB 939 157 Roe v Minister of Health [1954] 2 All ER 131 101 Rogers v News Company Ltd (1995) High Court, St Vincent and the Grenadines, No 221 of 1993 (unreported) 291 Rojannenisha v Guyana Sugar Producers Association Ltd (1973) High Court, Guyana, No 1713 of 1971 (unreported) Romegialli v Marceau (1963) 42 DLR (2d) 481 Rookes v Barnard [1964] AC 1129 100, 103 65 20, 21, 376 Rose v Miles (1815) 105 ER 773 193 Rose v Plenty [1976] 1 All ER 97 413, 415 Ross v Caunters [1980] Ch 297 151, 152 Rowe v Port of Spain CC (1978) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1413 of 1976 (unreported) 60–62 Rowley v Sylvester (1985) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 723 of 1978 (unreported) 70–72 Roy v Prior [1971] AC 470 59, 60 Royal Bank Trust Co (Trinidad) Ltd v Pampellonne (1986) 35 WIR 392 Ruddiman and Co v Smith (1889) 60 LT 708 Rushmer v Polsue and Alfieri Ltd [1906] 1 Ch 234 Ryan v Fildes [1938] 3 All ER 517 148–51 240, 410 201 18 Ryan v Simpson (1872) 6 SALR 38 52 Rylands v Fletcher (1866) LR1 Ex 265; on appeal (1868) LR 3 HL 330 xli 80, 215, 229–50 Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law S v Distillers (Biochemicals) Ltd [1970] 1 WLR 114 S v McC [1972] AC 24 487 13, 19 Sabga v Llanos (1988) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No HCA 146 of 1979 (unreported) Salmon v Roache (1995) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 23 of 1995 (unreported) Salmon v Stewart (1950) 5 JLR 236 103–05 32, 52 264, 265 Salsbury v Woodland [1970] 1 QB 324 450 Samlal v AG (1998) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No CV 369 of 1982 (unreported) Sammy v BWIA (1988) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 5692 of 1983 (unreported) Samuels v AG (1994) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No S 415 of 1992 (unreported) Sanderson v Collins [1904] 1 KB 628 32 173 17 428 Sandiford v Prescod (1977) 12 Barb LR 55 478 Sarch v Blackburn (1830) 172 ER 712 167, 260, 270 Sarju v Walker (1973) 21 WIR 86 485 Sattaur v Rapununi Development Co Ltd [1952] LRBG 113 Savile v Roberts [1558–1774] All ER Rep 456 Scantlebury v The Advocate Co Ltd (1997) High Court, Barbados, No 2017 of 1993 (unreported) Scott v Firth (1864) 176 ER 505 273, 448 75 292, 318 207 Scott v London and St Katherine Docks Co (1865) 159 ER 665 Scott v Wilkie (1970) 12 JLR 200 110, 112, 120 16, 21 Seaman v Netherclift (1876) 2 CPD 53 347 Searle v Wallbank [1947] AC 341 272–76 Sedleigh-Denfield v O’Callaghan [1940] AC 880 Seebalack v Constance (1996) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No S 2704 of 1985 (unreported) Seeraj v Dindial (1985) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 4696 of 1982 (unreported) Sewell v National Telephone Co Ltd [1907] 1 KB 557 196, 217, 220, 221 117 111, 448–51 53, 54 Sham v The Jamaica Observer Ltd (1999) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No S 292 of 1995 (unreported) 292 Shamina v Dyal (1993) 50 WIR 239 487 Sheppard v Griffith (1973) High Court, Guyana, No 320 of 1971 (unreported) Shiffman v Order of St John [1936] 1 All ER 557 Shiwmangal v Jaikaran and Sons Ltd [1946] LRBG 308 xlii 203–07 249 31, 65, 72 Table of Cases Sibbles v Jamaica Omnibus Services Ltd (1965) 9 WIR 56 117 Sibbons v Sandy (1983) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1001 of 1975 (unreported) 32–35, 69 Silkin v Beaverbrook Newspapers Ltd [1958] 2 All ER 516 330, 333 Sim v Stretch [1936] 2 All ER 1237 290 Simmons v Millingen (1846) 135 ER 1051 38 Sims v McKinney (1989) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 996 of 1986 (unreported) 258, 262, 276, 277 Sinclair v Lindsay [1968] Gleaner LR 22 255 Singer Manufacturing Co v Loog (1882) 8 App Cas 15 384 Singh v The Evening Post (1976) High Court, Guyana, No 2754 of 1973 (unreported) 322, 376 Slim v Daily Telegraph Ltd [1968] 1 All ER 497 297, 333 Small v The Gleaner Co Ltd (1979) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL S-188 of 1976 (unreported) Small v Trinidad and Tobago Petroleum Co Ltd (1978) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 540 of 1972 (unreported) 320 47 Smart v Trinidad Mirror Newspaper Ltd (1968) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 875 of 1965 (unreported) 320, 376 Smith v Adams (1982) Court of Appeal, Barbados, Civ App No 6 of 1982 (unreported) 281, 293 Smith v Baker [1891] AC 325 180, 182, 474 Smith v Central Asbestos Co Ltd [1972] 1 QB 244 Smith v Chesterfield and District Co-operative Society Ltd [1953] 1 All ER 447 Smith v Crossley Bros Ltd (1951) 95 SJ 655 Smith v Gaynor (1976) 14 JLR 132 483 189, 462 181 266 Smith v Leech Brain and Co Ltd [1962] 2 QB 405 Smith v Selwyn [1914] 3 KB 98 135, 136 3, 68 Smith v Stages [1989] 1 All ER 833 411 Smith v Williams (CO) Construction Ltd (1981) 16 Barb LR 282 122–24 Smith’s Newspapers Ltd v Becker (1932) 47 CLR 279 361 Smithwick v National Coal Board [1950] 2 KB 335 186 Smoker v London Fire and Civil Defence Authority [1991] 2 All ER 449 488 Smosher v Carryl [1921] LRBG 45 213 Sochaki v Sas [1947] 1 All ER 344 238 Soltysik v Julien (1955) 19 Trin LR (Pt III) 623 322, 341–44 Somairsingh v Harpaulsingh [1942] LRBG 82 214 xliii Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law South v Bryan and Confidence Bus Service Ltd [1968] Gleaner LR 3 440 South Hetton Coal Co v North-Eastern News Association Ltd [1891–94] All ER Rep 548 337 Southport Corp v Esso Petroleum Co Ltd [1954] 2 All ER 561 192 Spalding v AW Gamage Ltd (1913) 30 RPC 388; on appeal (1915) 84 LJ Ch 449 382, 384, 389, 397, 400 Spartan Steel and Alloys Ltd v Martin [1973] 1 QB 27 139 Speed v Thomas Swift and Co Ltd [1943] KB 557 173 Spice Island Printers Ltd v Bierzynski (1994) Court of Appeal, Eastern Caribbean States, Civ App No 5 of 1992 (unreported) Spicer v Smee [1946] 1 All ER 489 292 199, 230 Spill v Maule (1869) LR 4 Ex 232 368 Spilsbury v Micklethwaite (1808) 127 ER 788 St Anne’s Well Brewery Co Ltd v Roberts [1928] All ER Rep 28 41 221, 222 St Helens Smelting Co v Tipping (1865) 11 ER 1483 195 St James Estates Ltd v Sunset Crest Rentals (1977) 29 WIR 18 219 St Lawrence Apartments Ltd v Downes (1995) High Court, Barbados, No 428 of 1993 (unreported) 200, 219, 222 Stansbie v Troman [1948] 2 KB 48 138 Stapley v Gypsum Mines Ltd [1953] AC 663 469 Star Industrial Co Ltd v Yap Kwee Kor [1976] FSR 256 400 Stein v Gonzales (1985) 14 DLR (4th) 263 192 Stephens v Myers (1830) 172 ER 735 14, 15 Stevens v Midland Counties Rly Co (1854) 156 ER 480 68 Stevenson, Jordan and Harrison Ltd v Macdonald and Evans Ltd [1952] 1 TLR 101 405 Steward v Routhier (1974) 45 DLR (3d) 383 159 Stewart v Green (1967) 10 JLR 220 350 Storey v Ashton (1869) LR 4 QB 476 411, 440 Straker v Edey (1990) High Court, Barbados, No 545 of 1986 (unreported) Stuart v Bell [1891] 2 QB 341 456 350, 365 Sturrup v Resorts International (Bahamas) 1984 Ltd (1991) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 83 of 1985 (unreported) 174 Subhaga v Rahaman [1964] LRBG 112 415 Suckoo v Mitchell (1978) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 32 of 1978 (unreported) Sudan v Carter (1992) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1735 of 1990 (unreported) xliv 350, 374 20, 420 Table of Cases Summers (J) and Sons Ltd v Frost [1955] 1 All ER 870 Sunanansingh v Ramkerising (1897) 1 Trin LR 54 Sunbolf v Alford (1838) 150 ER 1135 179, 185, 188 280, 281 23 Sutherland v Stopes [1925] AC 47 325, 338 Sutherland Shire Council v Heyman (1985) 60 ALR 1 84 Swan v Salisbury Construction Co Ltd [1965] 1 WLR 208 111 Sycamore v Ley (1932) 147 LT 342 260 Syed Mohamed Yusuf-ud-Din v Secretary of State for India (1903) 19 TLR 496 Synagogue Trust Ltd v Perry (1988) 25 JLR 353 23 232, 237–39, 242 Sylvester v Chapman (1935) 79 SJ 777 261 Szalatnay-Stacho v Fink [1946] 1 All ER 303 348 Tallents v Bell [1944] 2 All ER 474 252, 277 Taylor v O’Connor [1970] 1 All ER 365 487 Tewari v Singh (1908) 24 TLR 884 63, 64 Texaco Trinidad Inc v Halliburton Tucker Ltd (1975) Court of Appeal, Trinidad and Tobago, Civ App No 80 of 1970 (unreported) 407 Theaker v Richardson [1962] 1 WLR 151 319 Thomas v Arscott (1970) 11 JLR 496 271 Thomas v Quartermaine (1887) 18 QBD 683 473 Thompson v AG (1969) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 73 of 1969 (unreported) Thompson v Bernard (1807) 170 ER 872 255 297, 300 Thompson v Gibson [1835–42] All ER Rep 623 220 Thornhill v Williams (1979) 35 WIR 61 274 Thorpe v Leacock (1965) 9 WIR 176 207 Thurston v Davis (1992) Supreme Court, The Bahamas, No 1146 of 1988 (unreported) 455 Tidy v Battman [1934] 1 KB 319 117, 118 Tillett v Ward (1882) 10 QBD 17 253, 256 Tims v John Lewis and Co Ltd, See Lewis (John) and Co Ltd v Tims Titus v Duke (1963) 6 WIR 135 216, 217 Tiwari v Jagessar (1976) Court of Appeal, Guyana, Civ App No 7 of 1974 (unreported) 117 Tolley v Fry [1931] AC 333 337 Toogood v Spyring (1834) 149 ER 1044 349, 353 Toogood v Wright [1940] 2 All ER 306 277 xlv Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law Toolsie v AG (1981) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 3749 of 1979 (unreported) 67 Toppin v Jordan (1991) 51 WIR 16 496 Truth (NZ) Ltd v Holloway [1960] 1 WLR 997 318 Tuberville v Savage (1669) 1 Mod Rep 3 16 Tudor v Cox (1979) High Court, Barbados, No 128 of 1978 (unreported) Tugwell v Campbell [1965] Gleaner LR 191 Tulloch v Shepherd [1968] Gleaner LR 5 478 119 298–300 Turner v Ambler (1847) 116 ER 98 67, 69 Turner v Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Ltd [1950] 1 All ER 449 Turner v Ministry of Defence (1969) 113 SJ 585 (CA) Twine v Bean’s Express Ltd [1946] 1 All ER 202; on appeal (1946) 62 TLR 458 (CA) Twins Pharmacy Ltd v Marshall (1979) 26 WIR 320 17, 333, 362 493 414–19 129, 130 Uddin v Associated Portland Cement Manufacturers Ltd [1965] 2 All ER 213 186 Ultramares Corp v Touche (1931) 174 NE 441 151 United Africa Co Ltd v Owoade [1957] 3 All ER 216 United Estates Ltd v Durrant (1992) 29 JLR 468 409, 429, 430 171, 172 Vaccianna v Bacchas (1964) 8 JLR 497 226 Van de Weg v Minister of Health and Social Services (1981) 32 WIR 161 102 Vanderbergh v Blake (1661) 145 ER 447 65 Vanderpant v Mayfair Hotel Co Ltd [1929] All ER Rep 296 196, 200 Vanvalkenburg v Northern Navigation Co [1913] DLR 649 107, 108 Vaughan v Menlove (1837) 132 ER 490 99 Vaughan v Taff Vale Rly Co (1860) 157 ER 1351 86 Vicars v Wilcox (1806) 103 ER 244 290 Vizetelly v Mudie’s Select Library Ltd [1900] 2 QB 170 320 Waaldyk v Trim (1977) Court of Appeal, Guyana, Civ App No 37 of 1975 (unreported) Wade v Cole (1966) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 882 of 1959 (unreported) Wagon Mound, The (No 1) [1961] AC 388 117, 118 40 131 Wagon Mound, The (No 2) [1966] 2 All ER 709 xlvi 89, 98, 99, 132, 224, 230, 248 Table of Cases Waithe v Natural Gas Corp (1960) 3 WIR 97 447 Walker v Bletchley Flettons Ltd [1937] 1 All ER 170 186 Walker v Clarke (1959) 1 WIR 143 179, 186–89, 462 Walker (John) and Sons Ltd v Henry Ost and Co Ltd [1970] 1 WLR 917 393 Wallace v Newton [1982] 1 WLR 375 257 Walsh v Ervin [1952] VLR 361 192 Walter v Allfools (1944) 16 TLR 39 56 Walters v WH Smith and Son Ltd [1914] 1 KB 595 32, 55 Walwyn v Brookes (1993) High Court, St Christopher and Nevis, No 34 of 1992 (unreported) 251 Ward v London CC [1938] 2 All ER 341 92 Ward v Tesco Stores Ltd [1976] 1 All ER 219 155, 163 Warnink v Townend and Sons Ltd [1979] AC 731 379, 383, 399 Warren v Henly’s Ltd [1948] 2 All ER 935 420 Warren v Scruttons Ltd [1962] 1 Lloyd’s Rep 497 135 Wason v Walter [1861–73] All ER Rep 105 333 Watkins v Lee (1839) 151 ER 115 66 Watson v Arawak Cement Co Ltd (1998) High Court, Barbados, No 958 of 1990 (unreported) 156, 157, 175, 176 Watt v Hertfordshire CC [1954] 2 All ER 368 Watt v Longsdon [1930] 1 KB 130 93, 96 319, 350, 351 Webb v Rambally (1994) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No W 101 of 1990 (unreported) Weekes v AG (1986) High Court, Barbados, No 911 of 1985 (unreported) Weldon v Home Office [1990] 3 WLR 465 454 159, 160 23 Wellington v AG (1997) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No W 034 of 1992 (unreported) West v AG (1986) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No CL 1980/W-067 (unreported) 421 45 West v Reynolds Metal Co [1968] Gleaner LR 63 254 West and Son Ltd v Shephard [1964] AC 326 481 Whatman v Pearson (1868) LR 3 CP 223 410 Wheat v Lacon and Co Ltd [1966] AC 552 156 Wheatle v Townsend (1998) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No W 38 of 1995 (unreported) 134 White v Gaskin (1990) High Court, Barbados, No 256 of 1988 (unreported) 469 White v Jamieson (1874) LR 18 Eq 303 221 White v Stone [1939] 2 KB 827 357 xlvii Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law White Hudson and Co Ltd v Asian Organisation Ltd [1964] 1 WLR 1466 380 Whiteford v Hunter [1950] WN 553 100 Whylie v Campbell (1997) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No W 103 of 1994 (unreported) 109 Wicks v Fentham (1791) 100 ER 1000 66 Wieland v Cyril Lord Carpets Ltd [1969] 3 All ER 1006 Wiffen v Bailey [1915] 1 KB 600 138 75, 76 Wight v Bollers [1936] LRBG 330 282, 286 Williams v AG [1966] Gleaner LR 51 14 Williams v Bronnley (1909) 26 RPC 765 381 Williams v Grimshaw [1961] 3 KIR 610 135 Williams v Martins [1920] LRBG 169; on appeal [1921] LRBG 137 Williams v Murraine (1987) 40 WIR 160 257, 262 257 Wills v Voisin (1963) 6 WIR 50 60, 62 Wilson v Caven (1993) Supreme Court, Jamaica, No W 029 of 1989 (unreported) Wilson v Pringle [1987] QB 237 109, 116 16 Wilson v Silvera (1959) 2 WIR 40 267–71 Wilson v Tyneside Window Cleaning Co [1958] 2 QB 110 Wilson v Waddell (1876) 2 App Cas 95 175, 176 232 Wilsons and Clyde Coal Co v English [1938] AC 57 Wiltshire v Barrett [1965] 2 All ER 271 133, 171, 180 38 Windsor v AG (1996) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 1692 of 1990 (unreported) 67, 70 Wing v London General Omnibus Co [1909] 2 KB 625 113 Winnipeg Electric Company v Geel [1932] AC 690 127 Winterbottom v Derby (1867) LR 2 Ex 316 Witter v Brinks (Jamaica) Ltd (1992) 29 JLR 344 Wong v Campbell (1969) 11 JLR 435 193 132, 133 117 Woods v Duncan [1946] AC 401 123 Woods v Francis [1985] CLR 510 454, 455 Woodward’s Trade Mark, Re (1915) 85 LJ Ch 27 Wooldridge v Sumner [1962] 2 All ER 978 392 99, 470 Woolford v Bishop [1940] LRBG 93 293 Wormald v Cole [1954] 1 All ER 683 252 Worth v Gilling (1866) LR 2 CP 1 258 Wright v Callwood [1950] 2 KB 515 272 Wright v Cheshire CC [1952] 2 All ER 789 xlviii 90 Table of Cases Wright v McLean (1956) 7 DLR (2d) 253 19 Wright v Pearson (1868) 4 QB 582 265 Wringe v Cohen [1940] 1 KB 229 223 Yachuk v Blais [1949] AC 386 456, 458 Yasseen v Persaud (1977) Court of Appeal, Guyana, Civ App No 20 of 1975 (unreported) 350 Yearwood v Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission (1992) High Court, Trinidad and Tobago, No 346 of 1986 (unreported) 111 Ying v Richards (1972) Court of Appeal, Jamaica, Civ App No 80 of 1971 (unreported) 289 Young v Box and Co Ltd [1951] 1 TLR 789 408 Zdasiuk v Lucas (1987) 58 OR (2d) 443 504 Zepherin v Gros Islet Village Council (1978) 26 WIR 561 418 xlix TABLE OF STATUTES Accident Compensation (Reform) Act, Cap 193A (Barbados) 501–05 Administration of Justice Act 1982 (UK) s 4(2) Animals Act 1971 (UK) Animals (Civil Liability) Act 1980, Cap 194A (Barbados) s3 s4 s5 s8 Canada Shipping Act, RSC 1906, c 113 s 342 Civil Law of British Guiana Ordinance (Rev Laws 1953), Cap 2 (Guyana) Coal Mines Act 1911 (UK) s 55 Coinage Offences Act, Ch 11:15 (Trinidad and Tobago) s 26 Common Law Procedure Act 1852 (UK) Compensation for Injuries Act, Ch 8:05 (Trinidad and Tobago) 506 Constabulary Law (Law 8 of 1867) (Jamaica) s 19 Contributory Negligence Act, Cap 195 (Barbados) s3 469 Criminal Law Act 1967 (UK) 32 Criminal Law Act, Ch 10:04 (Trinidad and Tobago) s2 s3 s4 251, 257 257 257 252 263 108 32 32, 33 33 Dangerous Drugs Act, Cap 90 (Jamaica) s 23 37 Declaratory Act 1799 (The Bahamas) 10 Defamation Act 1996 (Barbados) s3 279 s7 320 s8 322, 323 s 16 317 s 20 319 11 186 37 6 496 Constabulary Force Act (Jamaica) s 15 32 s 33 45, 46, 74, 75, 98 s 34 30 Constabulary Force Law, Cap 72 (1953 edn) (Jamaica) s 39 s 40 Contributory Negligence Act, Ch 65 (The Bahamas) s3 45, 46 30 38, 39 469 li Defamation Act, Cap 6:03 (Guyana) s3 s4 s6 s7 s9 s 12 s 13 s 15 s 18 279 289 286 321 377 317 349 360 349 Defamation Act (Jamaica) s3 s4 s6 s7 s 11 279 289 317 321 349 Defamation Act 1952 (UK) s2 s4 s5 289 317 321 Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law Dogs (Injury to Persons, Cattle and Poultry) Act, Cap 238 (BVI) s3 251, 363 Dogs (Liability for Injuries by) Act, Cap 406 (Jamaica) s2 263–68 Factories Act, Cap 347 (Barbados) s 7(1) s 10(1) 177 177, 178, 185 Factories Act, Cap 233 (Belize) 177 Factories Act, Cap 118 (Grenada) 177 Factories Act, Cap 95:02 (Guyana) 177 Factories Act, Cap 339 (St Kitts/Nevis) 177 Factories Act, Cap 335 (St Vincent) 177 Factories Act 1937 (UK) s 14(1) 179 Forest Act, Cap 134 (Jamaica) s 18 37 Gambling Ordinance, Ch 4, No 20 (Trinidad and Tobago) s 7(1)(e) s 11 39 40 Highways Act, Cap 289 (Barbados) s 41 Interpretation Act, Cap 165 (Jamaica) s 37 37 11 Labour Relations and Industrial Disputes Act (Jamaica) 432 Larceny Ordinance, Ch 4, No 11 (Trinidad and Tobago) s 40 42 Law of Libel Amendment Act 1888 (UK) s3 349 lii Law Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act (Jamaica) s3 469 Law Reform (Contributory Negligence) Act 1915 (UK) s1 465 Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, Cap 205 (Barbados) s2 506 Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, Cap 6:02 (Guyana) s9 s 12 469 505 Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act (Jamaica) s2 505 Law Reform (Miscellaneous Provisions) Ordinance, Cap 4 (Guyana) s 10 468 Libel and Defamation Act, Cap 131 (Belize) s3 s4 s6 377 317 286 Libel and Defamation Act, Ch 11:16 (Trinidad and Tobago) s4 s5 s6 s 13 377 317 286, 287 349 Libel and Slander Act, Cap 248 (Antigua and Barbuda) s3 s 10 317 286 Libel and Slander Act, Cap 42 (BVI) s3 s 10 317 286 Table of Statutes Libel and Slander Act, Cap 7:04 (Dominica) s3 s 10 317 286 Libel and Slander Act, Cap 171 (Grenada) s6 s 12 286 321 Libel and Slander Act (Jamaica) s2 s3 s 15 s 18 377 317 349 286 Libel and Slander Act, Cap 89 (St Vincent) s 14 s 15 286 317 Libel and Slander Act, Cap 44 (St Kitts/Nevis) s3 s 10 317 286 Main Roads Act, Cap 231 (Jamaica) s 25(9) s 27(3) s 28 45 45 37 Medical Registration Act, Cap 371 (Barbados) s 12 s 15 296 296 Occupiers’ Liability Act 1957 (UK) 155 Occupiers’ Liability Act (Jamaica) s 2(3) 156 s 3(1) 155, 158 s 3(2) 157 s 3(3) 157 s 3(5) 159 s 3(6) 158 s 3(7) 158 s 3(8) 158 Parishes Water Supply Act (Jamaica) Police Act, Cap 187 (Antigua) s 22 32 Police Act, Cap 167 (Barbados) s 20(1)(a) 32 Police Act, Cap 109 (Belize) s 41 s 43 32 32 Police Act, Cap 244 (Grenada) s 22 s 26 32 32 Police Act, Cap 16:01 (Guyana) s 17 32 Police Act, Cap 167 (Montserrat) s 22 32 Police Ordinance, Ch 11, No 1 (Trinidad and Tobago) s 21 41 Police Service Act, Ch.

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Commonwealth Caribbean Tort Law: Text, Cases & Materials by Gilbe Kodilinye, Gilbert Kodilinye


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