Download PDF by Auriol Weigold: Churchill, Roosevelt and India: Propaganda During World War

By Auriol Weigold

ISBN-10: 0415990025

ISBN-13: 9780415990028

As the U.S. used to be drawn into the second one international struggle, strain grew from a couple of international locations for India’s independence. leading Minister Churchill, in Britain's identify, engaged intentionally in propaganda within the usa to cajole the yank public and, via it, President Roosevelt that India shouldn't be granted self-government at the moment. Weigold adroitly unravels the explanations why this propaganda crusade used to be deemed worthy through Churchill, within the strategy, revealing the campaign’s results for nationalist Indians.

In 1942 Sir Stafford Cripps went to India to supply restricted self-government throughout the battle. despite the fact that, while negotiations among Churchill and his newly convened India Committee collapsed, the failure of the talks used to be publicized within the usa as a question of Indian intransigence and never Britain’s failure to negotiate—a spin of the scoop that significantly affected public opinion. depending upon wide archival examine, Weigold exposes the space among Britain’s propaganda account and either the legit and unofficial documents of the direction the negotiations took. Weigold concludes that in the drafting, development and deliberate failure of Cripps’ provide, this episode within the imperial endgame revolved round Churchill and Roosevelt, leaving Indian leaders with no effect over their fast political destiny.

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Extra info for Churchill, Roosevelt and India: Propaganda During World War II

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39 Herding American public opinion toward pro-British positions was thus stage-managed with Churchillian flair and intelligence agencies’ attention to where support would be best placed. The groundwork for the India propaganda campaign had already been laid. Competing agenda over India’s political future had become the subject of occasional newspaper reports in the United States, gathering momentum during 1941. It was given added impetus in the new year by Churchill’s information bureaux in Britain and India, which released through the Washington Embassy historical material about Britain’s record in India and the importance of the new offer of reform about to be put to Indian leaders.

When considered in conjunction with suggestions early in the Lend-Lease debate that British colonies be swapped for aid or leased to America, 53 and Roosevelt’s penchant for trusteeships in postwar Asia, 54 Churchill’s need for a propaganda campaign to secure Britain’s imperial position becomes more apparent. Taken in combination, the threats to Britain’s survival as an imperial power, the favourable terms of trade under the Imperial Preference Scheme targeted in the fourth clause of the Atlantic Charter, the terms of the LendLease Act, Roosevelt’s anti-colonialism focused on India, and Britain’s need to boost American support for the war pushed Churchill to reopen the reform agenda with the Indian nationalists in March 1942.

Downloaded by [INFLIBNET Centre - NLIST Programme] at 08:19 15 August 2012 Churchill, Roosevelt, and India 17 of two continents and two centuries. Nonetheless, the war drew them together, and they formed a “unique personal bond” that Harry Hopkins, Roosevelt’s Special Adviser, observed and encouraged. 30 Berlin saw Roosevelt as imaginative, optimistic, self-confident, cheerful, fearless, flexible, and steeped in the idea of social progress, typified by his New Deal policies. He saw Churchill, while also imaginative, as steeped in history, more intent, more concentrated, and preoccupied.

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Churchill, Roosevelt and India: Propaganda During World War II by Auriol Weigold

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