By John Algeo
Audio system of British and American English reveal a few amazing transformations of their use of grammar. during this certain survey, John Algeo considers questions reminiscent of: •Who lives on a road, and who lives in a highway? •Who takes a tub, and who has a tub? •Who says Neither do I, and who says Nor do I? •After 'thank you', who says certainly not and who says you are welcome? •Whose workforce are at the ball, and whose group isn't really? Containing wide quotations from real-life English on each side of the Atlantic, accumulated during the last 20 years, it is a transparent and hugely geared up consultant to the diversities - and the similarities - among the grammar of British and American audio system. Written for people with no past wisdom of linguistics, it indicates how those grammatical ameliorations are associated typically to specific phrases, and offers an available account of latest English in use.
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Extra info for British or American English?: A Handbook of Word and Grammar Patterns (Studies in English Language)
1 Times 42/8. 7 times in CIC. It has several uses that are common-core English, but are more characteristic of British than of American. 1. To express necessity, certainty, or obligation; have to (Swan 1995, 343–5). < . . > 1987 Jan. 16 Times 12/2. 2. In the negative, to express what is not allowed or reasonable; can’t (Swan 1995, 344).
1969 Rendell 120. 42; Johansson 1979, 207–8). It occurs primarily in negative contexts. > 1989 Aug. 29 Times 15/3. 08 times more frequent in American, perhaps because in American, ought is more likely to be affirmative than either negative (cf. 3) or interrogative (Johansson 1979, 211). In a corpus study of fiction (LGSWE 218), interrogative ought to was rare in British fiction, but wholly lacking in American, which uses should instead. > 2003 James 101. 36 Parts of Speech shall In pronunciation, British shall is often weakly stressed with a reduced [ə ] vowel, whereas American shall, when it occurs, is typically strongly stressed with a full [æ] vowel.
2 iptmw of this rare construction in British texts and none in American texts. > 1989 Dickinson 85. Have also contracts in common-core colloquial English with a preceding modal, notably must and the preterit modals could(n’t), might, should(n’t), and would(n’t) or ’d. 1 iptmw) but not in American, in which the frequent contracted pronunciation is not usually represented in standard writing. The contraction is also represented as of in both national varieties in nonstandard spelling. > 1971 Mortimer 67.
British or American English?: A Handbook of Word and Grammar Patterns (Studies in English Language) by John Algeo