Pieter Muysken's Bilingual Speech: A Typology of Code-Mixing PDF

By Pieter Muysken

ISBN-10: 0521771684

ISBN-13: 9780521771689

This publication presents an in-depth research of the various ways that bilingual audio system swap from one language to a different during dialog. Pieter Muysken identifies 3 particular styles of combining and explores how diverse blending recommendations rely on the contrasting grammatical homes of the languages concerned, the measure of bilingual competence of the speaker and diverse social elements. The publication synthesizes an unlimited array of modern examine in a quickly starting to be box of research that has a lot to bare in regards to the constitution and serve as of language.

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Additional resources for Bilingual Speech: A Typology of Code-Mixing

Sample text

It is comparable to M ahootian’s (1993) Null-hypothesis, which states that: The language o f a head determines the phrase structure position of its complements in codeswitching just as in monolingual contexts (Mahootian and Santorini 1996: 466). Recently, Boumans (1998: 89) has proposed the Monolingual Structure Approach, which assumes that ‘each matrix structure originates in the gram m ar of only one language’. The difference between Pandit’s and Boumans’, on the one hand, and Santorini and M ahootian’s approach, on the other, lies in the restriction to complements (excluding adjuncts) in M ahootian’s approach.

Veo a la mujer. ’ In English no such stricture is present. Thus we may wonder what happens in code-mixing: is a la mujer viewed as equivalent with the woman ? In principle, four patterns could be found, and in (5) I have indicated which ones occur in the published sources on Spanish/English code-mixing. The patterns (5a) and (5b) correspond to the cases where the language of the verb determines the pattern found. The starred patterns are unexpected from this perspective: (5) a. b. c. d. V(Eng) NP(Sp) V(Sp) a NP(Eng) * V(Eng) a NP(Sp) * V(Sp) NP(Eng) 2 1 3 The predicted pattern V(Eng) N P (S p ) occurs twice: (6) Any way, yo creo que las personas who support todos estos grupos como los Friends of the Earth son personas que are very close to nature.

In English no such stricture is present. Thus we may wonder what happens in code-mixing: is a la mujer viewed as equivalent with the woman ? In principle, four patterns could be found, and in (5) I have indicated which ones occur in the published sources on Spanish/English code-mixing. The patterns (5a) and (5b) correspond to the cases where the language of the verb determines the pattern found. The starred patterns are unexpected from this perspective: (5) a. b. c. d. V(Eng) NP(Sp) V(Sp) a NP(Eng) * V(Eng) a NP(Sp) * V(Sp) NP(Eng) 2 1 3 The predicted pattern V(Eng) N P (S p ) occurs twice: (6) Any way, yo creo que las personas who support todos estos grupos como los Friends of the Earth son personas que are very close to nature.

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Bilingual Speech: A Typology of Code-Mixing by Pieter Muysken


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