Basics of Research Methods for Criminal Justice and - download pdf or read online

By Michael G. Maxfield

ISBN-10: 0495503851

ISBN-13: 9780495503859

This short creation to investigate equipment combines accessibility and a conversational writing type with Michael G. Maxfield's services in criminology and felony justice. In fewer than four hundred pages, the textual content introduces you to the fundamentals of legal justice examine using genuine facts and that includes assurance of such key matters as ethics, causation, validity, box learn, and learn layout.

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The existence of exceptions does not invalidate the existence of regularities. Thus it is not important that a particular police officer earns more money than a particular judge if, overall, judges earn more than police officers. The pattern still exists. Social regularities represent probabilistic patterns, and a general pattern does not have to be reflected in 100 percent of the observable cases to be a pattern. This rule applies in the physical as well as the social sciences. In genetics, the mating of a blue-eyed person with a brown-eyed person will probably result in brown-eyed offspring.

That assumption applies to all science, but it is sometimes a barrier for people when they first approach social science. A vast number of norms and rules in society create regularity. Only persons who have reached a certain age may obtain a driver’s license. In the National Hockey League, only men participate on the ice. Such informal and formal prescriptions regulate, or regularize, social behavior. In addition to regularities produced by norms and rules, social science is able to identify other types of regularities.

Description A key purpose of many criminal justice studies is to describe the scope of the crime problem or policy responses to the problem. A researcher 19 or public official observes and then describes what was observed. Criminal justice observation and description, methods grounded in the social sciences, tend to be more accurate than the casual observations people may make about how much crime there is or how violent teenagers are today. Descriptive studies are often concerned with counting or documenting observations; exploratory studies focus more on developing a preliminary understanding about a new or unusual problem.

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Basics of Research Methods for Criminal Justice and Criminology by Michael G. Maxfield

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