By Ali Riaz
Bangladesh is a rustic of paradoxes. The 8th such a lot populous nation of the area, it has attracted enormous awareness from the foreign media and western policy-makers lately, usually for the incorrect purposes: corruption, ordinary mess ups because of its precarious geographical position, and unstable political occasions with numerous army coups, following its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Institutional corruption, turning out to be non secular intolerance and Islamist militancy have mirrored the weak point of the kingdom and undermined its skill. but the rustic has established major financial power and has completed successes in parts akin to girl schooling, inhabitants keep an eye on and savings in baby mortality. Ali Riaz right here examines the political techniques which engendered those paradoxical developments, bearing in mind the issues of democratization and the consequences this has had, and should proceed to have, within the wider South Asian sector. This finished and designated evaluation of political and old advancements in Bangladesh for the reason that 1971 will supply crucial analyzing for observers of Bangladesh and South Asia.
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Additional resources for Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence
Musharraf, In the Line of Fire, 93, 96. Interviews with Pakistani military ofﬁcials, 2003. 14 Peter R. Lavoy contribution of this book thus is to show how the learning process from Kargil reinforced India’s planning for limited war and Pakistan’s resolve to deter this through aggressive conventional-force deployments, and, if required, the employment of conventional and possibly even nuclear weapons. Interviews conducted by the CCC research team with civilian and military ofﬁcials in India and Pakistan show beyond a doubt that each side came away from the Kargil conﬂict believing that it had an escalation advantage in 1999 and that this advantage would carry over into a future military engagement.
On Pakistan’s misunderstanding, mistrust, and antipathy toward India preceding and following the 1971 war, see Richard Sisson and Leo E. Rose, War and Secession: Pakistan, India, and the Creation of Bangladesh (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990), 35–53. Introduction: the importance of the Kargil conﬂict 25 United States, China, or any other allies to prevent its military defeat. Therefore, Pakistan proceeded down the path toward nuclear weapons, and eventually adopted a low-intensity conﬂict strategy to pressure India in Kashmir.
The ﬁrst ﬁve expected outcomes are identiﬁed in Robert Jervis, The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989), 1–45. The sixth expectation is more controversial, but for reasons described in this book quite relevant to the strategic rivalry between India and Pakistan. To be sure, there are many variants of deterrence theory, as Jervis points out in chapter 15 of this book. , Perspectives on Deterrence (Oxford University Press, 1989); and Patrick Morgan, Deterrence Now (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Bangladesh: A Political History since Independence by Ali Riaz