By Peter R. Lavoy
The 1999 clash among India and Pakistan close to the city of Kargil in contested Kashmir used to be the 1st army conflict among nuclear-armed powers because the 1969 Sino-Soviet struggle. Kargil was once a landmark occasion no longer due to its length or casualties, yet since it contained a truly genuine chance of nuclear escalation. till the Kargil clash, educational and coverage debates over nuclear deterrence and proliferation happened mostly at the theoretical point. This deep research of the clash bargains students and policymakers a unprecedented account of the way nuclear-armed states have interaction in the course of army obstacle. Written through analysts from India, Pakistan, and the U.S., this particular e-book attracts generally on fundamental assets, together with exceptional entry to Indian, Pakistani, and U.S. executive officers and armed forces officials who have been actively desirous about the clash. this can be the 1st rigorous and target account of the factors, behavior, and effects of the Kargil clash.
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Additional resources for Asymmetric warfare in South Asia: the causes and consequences of the Kargil Conflict
Musharraf, In the Line of Fire, 93, 96. Interviews with Pakistani military ofﬁcials, 2003. 14 Peter R. Lavoy contribution of this book thus is to show how the learning process from Kargil reinforced India’s planning for limited war and Pakistan’s resolve to deter this through aggressive conventional-force deployments, and, if required, the employment of conventional and possibly even nuclear weapons. Interviews conducted by the CCC research team with civilian and military ofﬁcials in India and Pakistan show beyond a doubt that each side came away from the Kargil conﬂict believing that it had an escalation advantage in 1999 and that this advantage would carry over into a future military engagement.
On Pakistan’s misunderstanding, mistrust, and antipathy toward India preceding and following the 1971 war, see Richard Sisson and Leo E. Rose, War and Secession: Pakistan, India, and the Creation of Bangladesh (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1990), 35–53. Introduction: the importance of the Kargil conﬂict 25 United States, China, or any other allies to prevent its military defeat. Therefore, Pakistan proceeded down the path toward nuclear weapons, and eventually adopted a low-intensity conﬂict strategy to pressure India in Kashmir.
The ﬁrst ﬁve expected outcomes are identiﬁed in Robert Jervis, The Meaning of the Nuclear Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1989), 1–45. The sixth expectation is more controversial, but for reasons described in this book quite relevant to the strategic rivalry between India and Pakistan. To be sure, there are many variants of deterrence theory, as Jervis points out in chapter 15 of this book. , Perspectives on Deterrence (Oxford University Press, 1989); and Patrick Morgan, Deterrence Now (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
Asymmetric warfare in South Asia: the causes and consequences of the Kargil Conflict by Peter R. Lavoy