By Christopher Leslie Brown, Philip D. Morgan
Arming slaves as squaddies is a counterintuitive concept. but all through heritage, in lots of assorted societies, slaveholders have entrusted slaves with using lethal strength. This ebook is the 1st to survey the perform commonly throughout house and time, encompassing the cultures of classical Greece, the early Islamic kingdoms of the close to East, West and East Africa, the British and French Caribbean, the USA, and Latin America.
To facilitate cross-cultural comparisons, every one bankruptcy addresses 4 an important concerns: the social and cultural proof concerning the arming of slaves, the event of slave squaddies, the ideological origins and results of equipping enslaved peoples for conflict, and the impression of the perform at the prestige of slaves and slavery itself. What emerges from the ebook is a brand new old knowing: the arming of slaves is neither unusual nor paradoxical yet is as a substitute either predictable and explicable.
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Extra info for Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age
A reasonable guess—and it is no more than that— might also assume a master interested in proﬁt but also in a motivated rather than a desperate slave. In such a case, a slave rower who brought in no additional cash during the off-season might be allowed to keep one-sixth of his gross salary. He could then afford his freedom after about seven years. ∏∫ There we ﬁnd slaves, foreigners, and citizens in ratios similar to those on the crew list. The three different classes again received equal pay for equal work—something slave masters probably insisted on.
Early in the war, fugitive slaves might well be enslaved again if they appeared, speaking broken or accented Greek, in another city-state’s countryside. When the Spartan alliance, with Persian ﬁnancing, started manning a large navy and needed crew members of whatever provenance, and when desertion to this outﬁt became easier with the establishment of the Spartan fort at Decelea in Attica, masters were under more pressure to grant their slaves signiﬁcant incentives or lose them. ∏∑ How might such a system work for slave rowers?
The old Greek city-states entered a period of domination by large kingdoms and their professional or mercenary armies. The Hellenistic kingdoms resulting from the conquests of Alexander the Great were not essentially slave societies. Their Greek-speaking 34 Peter Hunt elite still owned slaves, but the rural economy was dominated by a dependent peasantry. Ω∂ They were nevertheless occasionally freed for emergency infantry service, used regularly in the navy, and involved in civil wars. Although some continuities are obvious, differences in the scale of the Roman Empire, the distribution of slave ownership, military forces, and ideology about slavery and citizenship meant that the conditions and consequences of arming slaves were quite distinct from those in the small, independent citystates of classical Greece.
Arming Slaves: From Classical Times to the Modern Age by Christopher Leslie Brown, Philip D. Morgan