By Bosoon Park, Michael Appell
Agricultural items impact such a lot facets of lifestyles, together with nutrition and feed,feedstocks for bio-based items, and daily fabrics, akin to fuels, textiles, and furnishings. Advances in expertise are essential to tackle the long run international wishes from agriculture. Nanotechnology is a promising box concerned about the original chemical houses of fabrics with a measurement of 1-100 nm. Nanotechnology has the capability to revolutionize agricultural and nutrients platforms with quite a few functions together with foodstuff protection, caliber, product traceability, greater nutrient supply structures, improving packaging functionality, and enhancing agricultural and nutrients processing. This quantity of the ACS Symposium sequence specializes in the original demanding situations of utilising nanotechnology to profit the agriculture zone and the meals undefined. This e-book is predicated on a chain of nanotechnology-related symposia backed through the department of Agricultural and nutrients Chemistry at spring ACS nationwide conferences among 2009 and 2013. in this interval great development used to be made on sensible purposes of nano-based applied sciences to deal with agricultural difficulties, together with these within the parts of nutrients safeguard, improvement of latest value-added biomaterials, and nutraceutical/flavor supply. This booklet initiated from the curiosity of symposium audio system to percentage their paintings with wider audiences. Fourteen chapters have been chosen and written for this designated factor. The chapters have been constructed independently and are prepared in accordance with subject. The authors are from a variety of disciplines and contain foodstuff scientists, chemists, engineers, biologists, scientific researchers, and physicists. The objective of this booklet is to supply the views of scientists operating with nanotechnology to handle agricultural difficulties. The examine provided inside this booklet used to be carried out in right laboratory environments assembly facility, neighborhood, and nationwide protection criteria
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Extra info for Advances in Applied Nanotechnology for Agriculture
ACS Symposium Series; American Chemical Society: Washington, DC, 2013. ch003 Materials and Reagents Hydrogen tetrachloroaurate (III) trihydrate and sodium citrate dihydrate were used for the synthesis of gold nanoparticles. 1,4-Dithio-DL-threitol (DTT) was used for the cleavage of oxidized thiolated oligonucleotides before conjugation. Anhydrous sodium acetate, 1,6-hexanediamine, FeCl3•6H2O, and ethylene glycol were used for the synthesis of amine-coated magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). All the above reagents were purchased from Sigma (St.
SERS signals were collected with confocal Raman spectrometer (HR800 LabRam, Jobin-Yvon-Horiba, Edison, New Jersey, USA). A laser excitation wavelength of 785 nm was produced by HeNe 20 mW laser source with a CCD detector (1024x256 pixels of 26 µm). Samples were scanned with a confocal hole size of 100 µm with a 50x magnification. Confocal was used to adjust the depth and corresponding focal plane at the top of surface. The substrates which were made at different times was scanned with mapping mode over an area of 5x5 µm to assess the uniformity of substrates.
Raman spectra also produce sensitive peaks formed by carbon-carbon bond than other infrared spectroscopic methods (13, 14), which helps in biological sample identification. Raman spectroscopy gives inelastic light scattering to characterize various properties of analytes molecules. In Raman spectroscopy, the inherent weakness of Raman signals can be found with an increase of 6 or more order of magnitude through surface enhaced Raman scattering (SERS). SERS gives large signal enhancement of Raman scattering of the sample molecules that are placed on certain rough metal surfaces (15–17).
Advances in Applied Nanotechnology for Agriculture by Bosoon Park, Michael Appell