Acid-base equilibria of the aquatic environment(en)(32s) - download pdf or read online

By Lower S. K.

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Additional info for Acid-base equilibria of the aquatic environment(en)(32s)

Sample text

The pH scale . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Proton sources and sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Leveling effect . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 Dissociation of weak acids . Titration . . . . . Strong bases . . . . . Proton free energy and pH . . . 1 Strong acids and bases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 The strong ion difference . . . . .

1 Polyprotic acids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 27 6 Acid- and base neutralizing capacity 29 7 Acid rain 30 List of Figures 1 2 Dependence of [H+ ] and pH of pure water on temperature. . . . . . . . . Free energy diagram for acids and bases in aqueous solution.

Buffer intensity and titration curve for a diprotic acid . . . . . . . . . . 15 21 5 6 Buffering in strong- and weak-acid solutions . . . . Titration curves of acids and bases of various strengths . Titration curve for a polyprotic acid, H3 PO4 . . . Equilibrium fraction diagram for a monoprotic acid. . Log-C vs pH diagram for a 10−3 M acetic acid solution. Log-C diagram for a diprotic acid . . . . . . . Log-C diagram for the phosphoric acid system . . . Origin of acid rain .

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Acid-base equilibria of the aquatic environment(en)(32s) by Lower S. K.

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