By Kazunobu Matsushita, Hirohide Toyama, Naoto Tonouchi, Akiko Okamoto-Kainuma
This ebook presents all elements of acetic acid micro organism (AAB) and gives the longer term pursuits and instructions of AAB learn. It summarizes the unique physiological houses of AAB and the new development on AAB research, specially within the following 5 components: 1) Molecular phylogeny and genome examine of AAB; 2) Ecological gains of AAB: interplay with vegetation, normal fermentation platforms, and bugs; three) Physiological positive aspects and dwelling options of AAB, together with speedy oxidation skill, acid resistance, biofilm formation, and genetic instability; four) Molecular mechanisms of numerous oxidative fermentations resembling acetate fermentation, sorbose fermentation, and ketogluconate fermentation; five) fresh biotechnological elements of AAB: biocatalysts, biosensors, biocellulose, and different worthy polysaccharides.
AAB examine has a protracted historical past because the discovery of AAB via Louis Pasteur and the id of AAB through Martinus Beijerinck within the 19th century. within the 20th century, uncomplicated learn at the taxonomic research of AAB and on biochemical examine for the original oxidative reactions of AAB had advanced in addition to the commercial software of AAB not just in vinegar fermentation but additionally within the bioconversion technique for beneficial chemical or pharmaceutical items. getting into the twenty-first century, AAB examine has multiplied extra, and additional development is predicted to be visible in all fields of AAB: class and ecology, body structure and biochemistry, genetics, and biotechnology of vinegar fermentation and different oxidative fermentations. Far-reaching improvement within the final decade makes those micro organism extra useful for numerous business makes use of. Readers can receive invaluable and finished info that's intriguing in points of easy technological know-how and offers tricks for the higher program of those micro organism to numerous varieties of functional creation eventualities as well.
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Additional info for Acetic Acid Bacteria: Ecology and Physiology
The type strain is CGDNIH1T (¼ ATCC BAA-1260T ¼ DSM 17861T), which was isolated from lymph node culture from a granulomatous disease patient in Bethesda, MD, USA, in 2003. 1 mol%. e’nia. N. L. fem. n. Tanticharoenia, named after Dr. Morakot Tanticharoen, Thailand, who contributed to studies of acetic acid bacteria. The strains of the genus Tanticharoenia that were isolated from soil collected in Sakaerat, Nakhon Rachashima, Thailand, constituted an independent cluster 1 Systematics of Acetic Acid Bacteria 31 phylogenetically.
Acetate and lactate are oxidized to carbon dioxide and water. Grows on glutamate agar and mannitol agar. Dihydroxyacetone is generally produced from glycerol. D-Gluconate, 2-keto-D-gluconate, and/or 5-keto-D-gluconate are produced from D-glucose, but 2,5-diketo-D-gluconate is not produced. Acid is produced from L-arabinose, D-xylose, D-glucose, D-galactose, or ethanol. Grows on D-glucose, D-fructose, maltose, sucrose, or D-mannitol. Ammoniac nitrogen is generally assimilated on D-mannitol. Cellulosic materials are produced by some strains, that is, of Komagataeibacter xylinus and Komagataeibacter nataicola.
For more details of characteristics, see Komagata et al. (2014). 1 Granulibacter bethesdensis Greenberg, Porcella, Stock, Wong, Conville, Murray, Holland and Zelazny 2006 For the characteristics of the species, refer to Greenberg et al. (2006). The type strain is CGDNIH1T (¼ ATCC BAA-1260T ¼ DSM 17861T), which was isolated from lymph node culture from a granulomatous disease patient in Bethesda, MD, USA, in 2003. 1 mol%. e’nia. N. L. fem. n. Tanticharoenia, named after Dr. Morakot Tanticharoen, Thailand, who contributed to studies of acetic acid bacteria.
Acetic Acid Bacteria: Ecology and Physiology by Kazunobu Matsushita, Hirohide Toyama, Naoto Tonouchi, Akiko Okamoto-Kainuma