By Wilkie, John Ritchie; Chambers, William Walker
This straightforward creation to the heritage of the German language seeks to supply scholars who've a few wisdom of contemporary German, yet no wisdom both of its improvement or of linguistic theories, with a brief account of the basic elements - chronological, geographical and linguistic - and their interrelation. the cloth is prepared in 3 elements. the 1st strains the heritage of the German language from its origins in Indo-European throughout the pre-documentary Germanic interval and the center a long time to the current day. within the moment half the advance of the German vocabulary.
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Additional resources for A Short History of the German Language
Chapter 5 Medieval German and the development of the standard language The history of a language is the history of continuous and gradual change, with no sudden breaks which might mark the clear beginning of a new period.
D. Modern Armenian took shape in the fifteenth century. Nothing is known of the earlier history of this group. Albanian, which may be connected with ancient Illyrian but is not its direct descendant. It is not recorded until the sixteenth century. The problems of its relationships with other Indo-European languages are complicated by the presence in Albanian of many borrowings from other Indo-European groups. Baltic, now represented by Lettish and Lithuanian. The latter is one of the most conservative of all Indo-European languages and has preserved many features of the parent language not found elsewhere.
One important development by Latin scribes – and indeed by Greek scribes as well – was the invention of a cursive (‘running’) script, in which the shape of the letters was modified to enable them to be written rapidly in groups without raising the pen. Since Latin was the common language of the Roman Empire and the western church, the Latin alphabet was adopted, with minor adjustments, for writing the various vernacular languages of western Europe. It was used for German (Frankish) words as early as the sixth century (the so-called Malberg glosses, vernacular technical terms in the Latin text of Frankish laws).
A Short History of the German Language by Wilkie, John Ritchie; Chambers, William Walker